Follow
International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
IJCMAS is now DOI (CrossRef) registered Research Journal. The DOIs are assigned to all published IJCMAS Articles.
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2016 - IJCMAS--ICV 2016: 92.3 For more details click here
National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS) : NAAS Score: *5.38 (2018) [Effective from January 1, 2018]For more details click here

Login as a Reviewer

Indexed in



National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2017)
[Effective from January 1, 2017]
For more details click here

ICV 2016: 92.3
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2016 - IJCMAS--ICV 2016: 92.3
For more details click here
journals IJCMAS
See Guidelines to Authors
Current Issues

Original Research Articles

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2016: 92.30
NAAS RATING 2018: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2018.7(2): 36-41
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2018.702.006


Cytoplasmic Diversity Studies in Sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.): A Review
S.V. Yamgar1*, P.U. Dhone1, S.M. Pathare2 and G.R. Karande3
1Department of Agricultural Botany, MPKV, Rahuri, Maharashtra, India
2Department of Agricultural Botany, PDKV, Akola, Maharashtra, India
3Department of Agricultural Botany, VNMKV, Parbhani, Maharashtra, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Sunflower is the fourth most important oilseed crop in the world after soybean, Rapeseed-mustard and groundnut. It had 20 genera and 400 subspecies. Commercial cultivation of sunflower was started in India during 1972. In India, first ever sunflower hybrid developed by Seetharam (1980), the sunflower hybrids development is based on new sources of cytoplasmic male sterility (CMS). So far single source of cytoplasm PET-1 has been exploited extensively for hybrid (F1) production in sunflower. PET1 or French cytoplasm, which was derived from an interspecific cross between H. petiolaris and H. annuus. The CMS sources ARG-1 and ARG-3 have been produced by interspecific hybridization of the annual species. However several CMS backgrounds have been developed by interspecific and intraspecific crosses which resulted in more than 72 CMS sources. Nuclear male sterility in Sunflower is governed by individual recessive gene pair. In PET-1 cytoplasm is controlled by one dominant gene. Partial restoration of fertility observed in many source indicating presence of modifier gene PET-1 (ARM 243A) from H. Petiolaris.


Keywords: Sunflower, Cytoplasmic diversity, Male sterility
Download this article as Download

How to cite this article:

Yamgar, S.V., P.U. Dhone, S.M. Pathare and Karande, G.R. 2018. Cytoplasmic Diversity Studies in Sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.): A Review.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 7(2): 36-41. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2018.702.006