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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
IJCMAS is now DOI (CrossRef) registered Research Journal. The DOIs are assigned to all published IJCMAS Articles.
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2018 - IJCMAS--ICV 2018: 95.39 For more details click here
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2020)
[Effective from January 1, 2020]
For more details click here

ICV 2018: 95.39
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2018 - IJCMAS--ICV 2018: 95.39
For more details click here

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Original Research Articles

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2018.7(1): 2745-2754
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2018.701.329


The CT Angiographic Prevalence of Renal Accessory Arteries in Kenya
Richard Sungura1*, Callen Onyambu2   and Ian Mathenge2
1 Department of Radiology and Imaging, Mount Meru Referral Hospital, Arusha, Tanzania
2 Department of Diagnostic Imaging and Radiation Medicine, University of Nairobi, Kenya
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

The understanding of vascular anatomy of kidneys has gained remarkable significance in both medical and surgical disciplines. The science of renal transplantation intensifies a need for recognizing the variation in renal vascular anatomy in different population and ethnicities. CT angiography is a less invasive modality for assessing the renal vascular anatomy of potential kidney donors as not every healthy person wishing to donate kidney is a suitable candidate for this highly specialized procedure. Difficulty in surgical anastomosis of vessels has been reported because of anatomical complexity. There is diversity in anatomical variation in different population, ethnic group and geography. In Kenya not much work has been done in this area using living donors. The aim of this study was set to determine the prevalence of renal accessory arteries among African adults in Kenya and establish the kidney side commonly presents with accessory arteries. The study was a three-year cross sectional descriptive study conducted at Kenyatta National Hospital from June 2008 to June 2011. A total of 204 cases including 103 (50.5%) females and 101 (49.5%) males were recruited for CTA. The mean age of participants was 47.16 years (SD 18.32). The prevalence of accessory arteries was 11.3% and prevalence of left sided accessory arteries (7.4%) was higher than right-sided accessory arteries (4.9%). The radiological prevalence of Accessory renal arteries among African adults in Kenya is more than 11% left kidney commonly presents with unilateral accessory renal arteries more than the right kidney.


Keywords: Accessory renal artery, Renal donor, CT angiography
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How to cite this article:

Richard Sungura, Callen Onyambu and Ian Mathenge. 2018. The CT Angiographic Prevalence of Renal Accessory Arteries in Kenya.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 7(1): 2745-2754. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2018.701.329