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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
IJCMAS is now DOI (CrossRef) registered Research Journal. The DOIs are assigned to all published IJCMAS Articles.
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2018 - IJCMAS--ICV 2018: 95.39 For more details click here
National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS) : NAAS Score: *5.38 (2019) [Effective from January 1, 2019]For more details click here

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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2019)
[Effective from January 1, 2019]
For more details click here

ICV 2018: 95.39
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2017 - IJCMAS--ICV 2018: 95.39
For more details click here

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Original Research Articles

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2017: 100.00
NAAS RATING 2018: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2018.7(1): 2405-2409
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2018.701.289


Detection of Inducible Clindamycin Resistance with Erythromycin in Clinical Isolates and Its Prevalence among Methicillin Resistant Staphylococcus aureus
Dhivya Lakshmi* and Chitralekha Saikumar
Sree Balaji Medical College and Hospital, New colony, Chennai- 600044, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Clindamycin is a substitute choice for mild to moderate Staphylococcal infections especially in penicillin‐allergic patients. Staphylococcus aureus is one of the most common pathogen with ability to cause wide range of infections in humans. Clindamycin has been used to treat serious infections for more than 30 years in children. It remains effective for many infections caused by community-acquired and hospital acquired methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (CA-MRSA/ HA- MRSA). The clinical manifestations of a positive D-test begin with a perception of cross resistance among three antibiotic families that share a common binding site— Macrolides (e.g., Erythromycin) Lincosamide (e.g.; Clindamycin), and group B Streptogrammins. A positive D-test indicates the presence of MLSBi genotype, though, sub inhibitory concentration of Erythromycin is a common inducer of Inducible Clindamycin resistance (ICR). When Erythromycin diffuses on a plate streaked with Staphylococcus aureus, it induces, resistance to Clindamycin and results in flattening of the Clindamycin zone of inhibition just next to the Erythromycin disk, making a D shape, so this method is called D‐test. Susceptibility testing was performed according to CLSI (Clinical and laboratory standard Institute) on isolates of Staphylococcus aureus by using the method of disk diffusion. Almost one third of erythromycin resistant strains have expressed inducible clindamycin resistance. MRSA isolates has higher inducible clindamycin resistance than MSSA. Henceforth D test becomes a vital part in routine laboratory procedures for the detection of inducible resistance than leading to therapeutic failure.


Keywords: Inducible resistance, Clindamycin, Erythromycin, MRSA
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How to cite this article:

Dhivya Lakshmi, S. and Chitralekha Saikumar. 2018. Detection of Inducible Clindamycin Resistance with Erythromycin in Clinical Isolates and Its Prevalence among Methicillin Resistant Staphylococcus aureus.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 7(1): 2405-2409. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2018.701.289