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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
IJCMAS is now DOI (CrossRef) registered Research Journal. The DOIs are assigned to all published IJCMAS Articles.
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2018 - IJCMAS--ICV 2018: 95.39 For more details click here
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2020)
[Effective from January 1, 2020]
For more details click here

ICV 2018: 95.39
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2018 - IJCMAS--ICV 2018: 95.39
For more details click here

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PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2018.7(1): 1848-1877
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2018.701.225


Brucellosis in Sheep and Goats and its Serodiagnosis and Epidemiology
Neharika Saxena1*, Balbir Bagicha Singh1 and Hari Mohan Saxena2
1School of Public Health and Zoonoses, Guru Angad Dev Veterinary and Animal Sciences University, Ludhiana, Punjab, India
2Department of Veterinary Microbiology, Guru Angad Dev Veterinary and Animal Sciences University, Ludhiana, Punjab, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Brucellosis is an important zoonotic disease globally that causes huge economic losses to the livestock owners and is of public health significance. Brucellosis in animals is endemic in India. In sheep and goats, Brucellosis is mainly caused by Brucella melitensis whereas Brucella ovis causes the disease in sheep. The symptoms in infected sheep and goats are abortions, stillbirths and the birth of weak offsprings. Animals that abort may retain the placenta. Sheep and goats usually abort only once, but reinvasion of the uterus and shedding of organisms can occur during subsequent pregnancies. Several studies have been carried out on seroepidemiology of caprine and ovine Brucellosis in India. The tests commonly used for diagnosis of Brucellosis are the milk ring test, Rose Bengal Plate Test (RBPT), Standard Tube Agglutination Test (STAT), Microtiter Plate Agglutination Test (MAT) and ELISA. The RBPT is a rapid screening test for the diagnosis of Brucellosis. The sensitivity of RBPT is very high (>99%) but the specificity can be low and it could sometimes give a false positive result. Its positive predictive value is low and a positive test result requires confirmation by a more specific test. Isolation and culture of Brucella organisms is the gold standard test for the diagnosis of Brucellosis.


Keywords: Ovine Brucellosis, Caprine Brucellosis, Serodiagnosis, Seroepidemiology
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How to cite this article:

Neharika Saxena, Balbir Bagicha Singh and Hari Mohan Saxena. 2018. Brucellosis in Sheep and Goats and Its Serodiagnosis and Epidemiology.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 7(1): 1848-1877. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2018.701.225