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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2020)
[Effective from January 1, 2020]
For more details click here

ICV 2018: 95.39
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2018 - IJCMAS--ICV 2018: 95.39
For more details click here

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PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2016.5(6): 406-412
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2016.506.047


Prevalence and Antibacterial Susceptibility Pattern of Aerobic Bacteria Causing Urinary Tract Infection in Tribal Population in Rural Part of West Bengal, India
Suman Kumar Maji1*, Prakas Kumar Mandal2*, Chhanda Panja1, Tuphan Kanti Dolai2, Amalesh Samanta3, Pratip Kumar Kundu4 and Keshab Chandra Mondal1
1Department of Microbiology, Vidyasagar University, Midnapore -721101, West Bengal, India
2Department of Hematology, N R S Medical College & Hospital,Kolkata – 700014, West Bengal, India
3Division of Microbiology, Dept. of Pharmaceutical Technology, Jadavpur University, Kolkata -700 032, India
4Department of Microbiology, Calcutta School of Tropical Medicine, Kolkata, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

To observe the prevalence rate and pattern of drug sensitivity of bacterial infection among urinary isolates from rural part of West Bengal, India. A total of 9,763 urine samples of clinically suspected UTI were collected. The samples were inoculated on Blood agar, Mac Conkey's agar, and cystine lactose electrolyte deficient (CLED) agar and incubated at 37 °C for 24 hr and extended up to 48 hr in cases of no growth of any organism. Antibiotic susceptibility testing against the isolated aerobic bacteria was performed by Kirby Bauer’s disc diffusion method. Altogether 9,763 urine samples from tribal areas were collected for this study from January, 2013 to December, 2015. Total 2,710 (27.75%) samples were shown to be positive for growth of any bacteria. The dominant aerobic microorganisms isolated as the causative agents were E. coli (64.65%), Klebsiella spp. (16.27%), Pseudomonas aeruginosa (4.09%), Proteus spp. (3.21%), Staphylococcus aureus including coagulage negative Staphylococci (6.46%), Enterococcus spp. (1.00%) and other gram negative bacteria (4.32%). E. coli was the most common gram negative aerobic pathogen of UTI isolated in tribal population. In-vitro antibiotic susceptibility testing showed that the gram negative bacteria were sensitive to aminoglycosides (amikacin) and carbapenems (meropenem), while the gram positive isolates were sensitive to norfloxacin, gatifloxacin and levofloxacin. Isolation of the aerobic microorganisms from UTI patients of tribal population in rural part of West Bengal revealed E. coli as the most common bacterium in significant bacteriuria and amikacin is the most effective drug against the clinically isolated pathogens.


Keywords: Tribal Population, urinary tract infection, bacterial isolates, drug sensitivity testing.
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How to cite this article:

Suman Kumar Maji, Prakas Kumar Mandal, Chhanda Panja, Tuphan Kanti Dolai, Amalesh Samanta, Pratip Kumar Kundu and Keshab Chandra Mondal. 2016. Prevalence and Antibacterial Susceptibility Pattern of Aerobic Bacteria Causing Urinary Tract Infection in Tribal Population in Rural Part of West Bengal, India. Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 5(6): 406-412. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2016.506.047