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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
IJCMAS is now DOI (CrossRef) registered Research Journal. The DOIs are assigned to all published IJCMAS Articles.
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2017 - IJCMAS--ICV 2017: 100.00 For more details click here
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2019)
[Effective from January 1, 2019]
For more details click here

ICV 2017: 100.00
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2017 - IJCMAS--ICV 2017: 100.00
For more details click here

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Original Research Articles

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2017: 100.00
NAAS RATING 2018: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2017.6(12): 4160-4169
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2017.612.478


Analysis of Resistance Pattern of Acinetobacter Species in a Tertiary Care Hospital: A Retrospective Study
Rup Jyoti Chandak*, Poonam Sood Loomba, Bibhabati Mishra and Vinitadogra
Department of Microbiology, Gobind Ballabh Pant Institute of Post Graduate Medical Education and Research, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Drug resistant Acinetobacter species increases the morbidity and mortality of hospitalized patients. This study was done with the aim of analysis of resistance pattern of Acinetobacter species in blood and respiratory tract sample of infected hospitalized patients. This study is a retrospective study of a tertiary care hospital and includes database of 54 patients with Acinetobacter species infection in blood and respiratory tract samples, isolated in six month period. An antibiogram was made for these patients along with their clinical details. Odd's ratio was calculated for each clinical condition of the patient. Rate of isolation of Acinetobacter species was 3.2% during six month period. 96.3% Acinetobacter species isolated were from ICU and 3.7% from ward patients 16.67% were MDR,72.22% were XDR, 5, 56% were PDR while only 5.56% were sensitive strains. 42.5% patients acquiring Acinetobacter infection had undergone some surgical procedure. Co-morbid conditions were present in 40.7% patients. An increased risk for resistance development was found only for hypertension. The mortality rate of the patients infected with Acinetobacter species was 55.55%. Interpretation: Drug resistant Acinetobacter species infection is taking foothold in intensive care settings because of pre-disposing conditions. A rigid adherence to antibiotic policies and infection control practices is essential to conquer the drug resistant Acinetobacter species.


Keywords: Acinetobacter, Co-morbidity, Hospital, Resistance, Risk.
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How to cite this article:

Rup Jyoti Chandak, Poonam Sood Loomba, Bibhabati Mishra and Vinitadogra. 2017. Analysis of Resistance Pattern of Acinetobacter Species in a Tertiary Care Hospital: A Retrospective Study.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 6(12): 4160-4169. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2017.612.478