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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2019)
[Effective from January 1, 2019]
For more details click here

ICV 2017: 100.00
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2017 - IJCMAS--ICV 2017: 100.00
For more details click here

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PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2017: 100.00
NAAS RATING 2018: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2017.6(12): 1013-1020
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2017.612.113


Microbial Flora of Dacryocystitis and its Antibiogram
Mahwish Jawaid1*, Aruna Sunder2 and Pratibha2
1Department of Microbiology, Deccan College of Medical Sciences,Hyderabad – 500095, Telangana, India
2Department of Microbiology, Sarojini Devi Eye Hospital, Osmania Medical College, Hyderabad – 500082, Telangana, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

The most common infection of the lacrimal apparatus is dacryocystitis. The lacrimal excretory system is prone to infection and inflammation for various reasons. 126 samples from 108 cases (90 unilateral cases + 18 bilateral cases) were collected from clinically diagnosed Dacryocystitis patients attending outpatient department of Sarojini Devi Eye Hospital, Hyderabad. Out of 126 samples 73.15% were culture positive, of which 63.88% were bacterial, 2.77% were fungal and 6.48% were mixed etiology (bacterial+fungal). Gram positive bacteria were predominant, Staphylococcus aureus (34.21%) followed by Staphylococcus epidermidis (28.94%). Among Gram negative bacilli Pseudomonas aeruginosa was predominant (5.26%). Fungi were isolated in 10 cases of which Dematiaceous (n=5) were predominant. Infection was more commonly seen in left eye. Rate of infection was higher in females (59.26%). Higher incidence of infection was seen in the age group of less than 1 year and above 50 years. Gram positive cocci were most susceptible to chloramphenicol (90.9%) and least susceptible to ofloxacin (45.4%). Pseudomonas aeruginosa was equally sensitive to gatifloxacin and moxifloxacin and less sensitive to ceftazidime and gentamicin. The knowledge of bacteriology of dacryocystitis would contribute to the choice of effective antimicrobial agents and would help to reduce the unnecessary load of antimicrobial agents.


Keywords: Dacryocystitis, Staphylococcus, Pseudomonas, Fungi, Chloramphenicol.
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How to cite this article:

Mahwish Jawaid, Aruna Sunder and Pratibha. 2017. Microbial Flora of Dacryocystitis and its Antibiogram.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 6(12): 1013-1020. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2017.612.113