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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2019)
[Effective from January 1, 2019]
For more details click here

ICV 2017: 100.00
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2017 - IJCMAS--ICV 2017: 100.00
For more details click here

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PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2017: 100.00
NAAS RATING 2018: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2017.6(12): 965-977
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2017.612.107


Effect of Brewery Effluent Irrigation and Sludge Application in Combination with Organic Amendments on Growth and Yield of Sesame (Sesamum indicum L.)
K. Senthilraja*
Department of Environmental Sciences, Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu 641 003, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Beer is the world’s oldest and most widely consumed alcoholic beverage. The brewing industry is one of the largest users of water, approximately 3 to 10 litres of waste effluent is generated per litre of beer. An investigation was conducted for the utilization of brewery wastewater generated from United Breweries Ltd., situated at Kanjikode, Palakkad District, Kerala state for crop cultivation using different organic amendments. The brewery wastewater was colourless and odourless. The total dissolved solids content was 1320 mg L-1, neutral in reaction (7.05) and the wastewater showed an electrical conductivity of 1.96 dS m-1. The effect of organic amendments under brewery wastewater irrigation on growth of sesame was assessed in field condition. The data of 90 days after sowing (DAS) showed that the brewery wastewater irrigation and the application of different levels of amendments markedly improved the growth of sesame. The yield attributes of sesame (number of capsules per plant, number of seeds per capsule, number of seeds per capsule and test weight) were significantly improved with the addition of amendments in combination with brewery wastewater irrigation. The treatments had significant impact on crop residue and seed yield. The seed yield varied from 433 to 804 kg ha-1. The continuous reuse of brewery wastewater might lead to a salinity buildup, as well as contribute to the deterioration of soil quality. The control application along with the use of organic amendments leads to improve the soil quality as well as the crop yield.


Keywords: Brewery effluent, Irrigation, Sesame, Organic amendments.
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How to cite this article:

Senthilraja, K. 2017. Effect of Brewery Effluent Irrigation and Sludge Application in Combination with Organic Amendments on Growth and Yield of Sesame (Sesamum indicum L.).Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 6(12): 965-977. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2017.612.107