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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2019)
[Effective from January 1, 2019]
For more details click here

ICV 2017: 100.00
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2017 - IJCMAS--ICV 2017: 100.00
For more details click here

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Original Research Articles

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2017: 100.00
NAAS RATING 2018: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2017.6(11): 3130-3138
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2017.611.367


Comparative Evaluation on Performance of Copper and Stainless Steel Metal Freeze Branding in Sahiwal Cattle
Arvind K. Nandanwar1*, Neelmani Kerketta2 and Sharad Mishra3
1SMS, KVK, Dhamtari, IGKV, Raipur (C.G.)-492012, India
2AP, College of Agriculture, IGKV, Raipur (C.G.)-492012, India
3ILFC, College of Veterinary Sciences and Animal Husbandry, CGKV, Anjora,
Durg (C.G.)-491001, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

The present investigation was conducted at the Bull Mother Experimental Farm, College of Veterinary Science & A.H., Anjora, Durg. Age group of Sahiwal cattle 0 to 6 and 6 to 12 months, the days required for appearance of white hairs was relatively lesser (43.33±1.20 and 42.8±4.93 days) at 7 and 8 seconds, respectively for copper metal during freeze branding. In 12 – 18 months of age group, minimum days (49.8±7.15) required for appearance of white hairs were seen at 18 seconds of exposure time using stainless steel metal. Age group of 0 to 6, 6 to 12 and 12 to 18 months, the 100 percent legibility of white hairs was seen mostly for stainless steel metal. The weak legibility of white hairs was seen in above 18 months of age group which can be attributed to the thickness of skin of animals which may have become thicker with advancement of age. Stainless steel metal was better than copper metal as 7.5 per cent animals scored 5. Hence, it was concluded that stainless steel metal is better for all age group over copper metal. The mean value of neutrophils, before and after freeze branding, was 20.28±1.62 and 22.62±2.47%, respectively within the normal range and could not be an indication of stress associated with freeze branding.


Keywords: Stainless steel, Copper, Freeze branding, Exposure time, Age group, Sahiwal cattle, Legibility of white hairs, Scoring system.
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How to cite this article:

Arvind K. Nandanwar, Neelmani Kerketta and Sharad Mishra. 2017. Comparative Evaluation on Performance of Copper and Stainless Steel Metal Freeze Branding in Sahiwal Cattle.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 6(11): 3130-3138. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2017.611.367