International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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Original Research Articles                      Volume : 5, Issue:6, June, 2016

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : /
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2016.5(6): 16-21

Prevalence of Helicobacter pylori and its associated Peptic Ulcer Infection among Adult Residents of Aba, Southeastern, Nigeria
Ezeigbo, R. Obiageli1* and Ezeigbo C. Ivan2
1Department of Biology/Microbiology, Abia State Polytechnic, Aba, Nigeria
2Natural and Computational Sciences, Minerva Schools at KGI, San Francisco, California, USA
*Corresponding author

Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) formerly known as Campylobacter pylori is a spiral rod-shaped Gram-negative, microaerophilic bacterium found in the stomach of infected person(s) causing duodenal ulcer, gastric ulcer and gastric cancer. Faecal and blood samples were collected from adult residents of Aba, Southeastern Nigeria between the months of March and July, 2015 for analysis using Diaspot H. pylori test kit and Faecal occult blood test. Out of three hundred (300) sampled, consisting of 128(42.7%) males and 172 (57.3%) females, a total of 119(39.7%) were infected with Helicobacter pylori while 129(43.0%) had peptic ulcer. A slightly higher percentage with peptic ulcer suggests that some other causes may have contributed to the peptic ulcer infection. However, the association of H. pylori with peptic ulcer positivity was found to be statistically non-significant (p-value > 0.05). The highest prevalence for H. pylori infection and peptic ulcer occurred within the age group 38-47 years with 56.2% and 49.3% respectively, while ages 18-27 years had the least prevalence for both infections. The sex-related prevalence of H. pylori showed that more males were infected than females and both infections increased with age. However, prevalence of H. pylori infection and peptic ulcer are not significantly associated with sex and age of the patients (p-value > 0.05). This study confirms Helicobacter pylori as a contributor and causative agent of peptic ulcer and recommends maximum food hygiene practice and clean environment by food handlers.

Keywords: Helicobacter pylori,peptic ulcer,Gram-negative bacterium.

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How to cite this article:

Ezeigbo, R. Obiageli and Ezeigbo C. Ivan. 2016.  Prevalence of Helicobacter Pylori and its Associated Peptic Ulcer Infection among Adult Residents of Aba, Southeastern, Nigeria.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 5(6): 16-21. doi:
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