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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2019)
[Effective from January 1, 2019]
For more details click here

ICV 2017: 100.00
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2017 - IJCMAS--ICV 2017: 100.00
For more details click here

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PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
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Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2017: 100.00
NAAS RATING 2018: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2017.6(11): 1156-1166
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2017.611.138


Assessment of Stay Green Genotypes of Sunflower for Root Traits under Different Soil Moisture Regimes
Guruprasad Hiremath1* and Hajisaheb L. Nadaf2
1Depeartment of Genetics and Plant Breeding, University of Agricultural Sciences, Dharwad, Karnataka, India
2AICRP on Groundnut, MARS, University of Agricultural Sciences, Dharwad-580005, Karnataka, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

The phenomenon of stay-green and root traits are most important in drought tolerance breeding. The present investigation was conducted to identify the drought resistant stay-green genotypes with desirable root traits which are essential to extract moisture from deeper layers of the soil under drought conditions. Seven stay-green genotypes along with three non-staygreen checks were evaluated for root traits in PVP pipes with different soil moisture regimes under Factorial RBD design with two replications. Moisture stress was imposed from R1-R2 stage in moderate stress and from R1-R8 stage in severe stress treatment. The analysis of variance revealed the significant differences among the genotypes for all the root traits observed. The genotypes DSR 14 and DSR 47 have exhibited higher mean root length (102.50 cm each), root to shoot ratio (0.87 and 1.00), leaf area (151.35 cm2 and 137.70 cm2) and seed yield per plant under severe soil moisture stress condition when compared to other genotypes and checks. The checks Morden, RHA 6D-1 and RHA 95C-1 recorded mean root length respectively of 53 cm, 15.5 cm and 47 cm and root to shoot ratio of 0.66, 0.44 and 0.73, respectively under severe moisture stress condition. The average seed yield per plant for these identified genotypes, DSR 14 (13.74 g) and DSR 47 (12.38 g) was higher than that of the checks, Morden (5.38 g), RHA 6D-1(2.75 g) and RHA 95C-1 (3.55 g) under severe moisture stress condition. Hence, these genotypes can be used in further recombination breeding programme for drought tolerance.


Keywords: Staygreen, Root: Shoot ratio, Leaf area, Variability.
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How to cite this article:

Guruprasad Hiremath and Hajisaheb L. Nadaf. 2017. Assessment of Stay Green Genotypes of Sunflower for Root Traits under Different Soil Moisture Regimes.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 6(11): 1156-1166. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2017.611.138