International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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Original Research Articles                      Volume : 6, Issue:10, October, 2017

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : /
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2017.6(10): 4924-4930

Epidemiology of Gastrointestinal Parasitism in Small Ruminants in Pudukkottai District, India
S. Rajarajan1*, K.M. Palanivel2, M. Geetha2 and N. Rani3
1Government of Tamil Nadu
2Department of Preventive Medicine
3Department of Veterinary Parasitology, Veterinary College and Research Institute, Namakkal, Tamil Nadu Veterinary and Animal Sciences University, Chennai, India
*Corresponding author

A prevalence study on the gastrointestinal (G.I) parasitism of sheep and goats was carried out during October 2016 to March 2017 in Pudukkottai district, Tamilnadu. A total of 1300 small ruminants comprising of 650 sheep and 650 goats were collected from organized and unorganized farms located in the study region. Out of 1300 faecal samples examined 599(43.00%) were positive for G.I parasites. The sheep population had higher prevalence of 302 (46.46%) while the goat population had lesser prevalence of 257 (39.53%). Male sheep had a prevalence of 96(17.17%) while female sheep had a prevalence of 206(37.05%). Male goats had a prevalence of 85(15.20%) while females had a prevalence of 172(30.76%). The higher prevalence of G.I parasites were observed in young animals when compared to adult ones. A significant difference was observed in prevalence of G.I parasites with respect to season where in higher prevalence 354 (54.46%) were recorded during the wet season while 205(31.53%) in dry season (summer). The G.I parasites observed were H.contortus, O.columbianum, B.trigonocephalum, S.papillosus, M.expansa and Coccidia species. H.contortus and Coccidia species had the highest prevalence, while M.expansa had the lowest prevalence.

Keywords: Prevalence, G I parasitism, L3 larva, Sheep, Goats, Risk factors.

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How to cite this article:

Rajarajan, S., K.M. Palanivel, M. Geetha and Rani, N. 2017. Epidemiology of Gastrointestinal Parasitism in Small Ruminants in Pudukkottai District.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 6(10): 4924-4930. doi:
Copyright: This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike license.