International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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Original Research Articles                      Volume : 6, Issue:10, October, 2017

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : /
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2017.6(10): 3323-3331

A Study on Floral Morphology of Brinjal Genotypes in Gangetic-Alluvial Zone of West Bengal, India
Arindam Das1,2*, Manas Kumar Pandit2, Sanjay Bairagi2, Shubhrajyoti Saha2 and Kola Muthaiah1
1Division of Vegetable Crops, ICAR-Indian Institute of Horticultural Research, Bengaluru– 560 089, Karnataka, India
2Department of Vegetable Crops, Bidhan Chandra Krishi Viswavidyalaya, Mohanpur-741252, West Bengal, India
*Corresponding author

The present experiment was conducted during autumn-winter seasons 2014-2015 and 2015-2016 at Bidhan Chandra Krishi Viswavidyalaya, West Bengal to study the floral morphology, anthesis-full bloom-anther dehiscense-stigma receptivity, parthenocarpy and other floral characters of eggplant. Twenty one brinjal genotypes were used for this experiment with a randomized block design with three replications. The least time required for flower bud initiation was in the genotype BCB-16 (40.83 DAT) and highest in BCB-1 (58.17 DAT). The maximum days required for 50% plants to be flowered has been reported in BCB-13 (68.33 DAT) and minimum in BCB-22 (50.50 DAT). The highest ratio of (LS+MS): (PS+SS) flowers has been recorded in the genotype BCB-10 (11.52) followed by BCB-8(10.33) and lowest in BCB-11(0.56). Ovary diameter and weight were much higher in the long styled flowers than the rest. Anthesis starts earliest in BCB-18 (6:14 a.m.) and latest by 7:51 a.m. in BCB-11. Full bloom stage generally occurred from 6:50 a.m. (BCB-17) to 8:52 a.m. (BCB-15) and anther dehiscence ranged from 7:00 a.m. (BCB-17) to 9:20 a.m. (BCB-15). Parthenocarpic fruit set was noted only in BCB-6, BCB-11, BCB-14, BCB-15 and BCB-16. The propensity to parthenocarpic fruit set is low in brinjal.

Keywords: Eggplant, Floral morphology, Anthesis, Stigma receptivity, Parthenocarpy.

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How to cite this article:

Arindam Das, Manas Kumar Pandit, Sanjay Bairagi, Shubhrajyoti Saha and Kola Muthaiah. 2017. A Study on Floral Morphology of Brinjal Genotypes in Gangetic-Alluvial Zone of West Bengal.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 6(10): 3323-3331. doi:
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