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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
IJCMAS is now DOI (CrossRef) registered Research Journal. The DOIs are assigned to all published IJCMAS Articles.
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2020)
[Effective from January 1, 2020]
For more details click here

ICV 2018: 95.39
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2018 - IJCMAS--ICV 2018: 95.39
For more details click here

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Original Research Articles

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2017.6(10): 3023-3029
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2017.610.356


Prevalence of Candida and Trichomonas in Vaginal Discharge of Rural Females not Seeking Medical Help: Microscopy and Its Role in Vaginitis
Rachna Tewari*, Motilal P. Sah and Mridu Dudeja
Department of Microbiology, HIMSR, Jamia Hamdard, New Delhi, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

In developing countries complaint of abnormal vaginal discharge is the major problem in females of reproductive age group. However most of the rural women do not contact medical facilities in time for adequate treatment due to many social factors or lack of awareness about the disease which leads to complications, risk of increased sexual transmission and insufficient data to deal with. This study is aimed to assess the prevalence of vaginal candidiasis and trichomoniasis among rural females not attending any medical clinic, to raise awareness about its prevention and treatment to reduce its complications. A total of 200 females with complaint of leucorrhoea were selected. Speculum guided high vaginal swabs were collected and processed by KOH mount and Grams stain in field and confirmed by culture on Sabrauds Dextrose agar (SDA) in lab. Out of the 200 females examined 73 (36.5%) had genital infection. Among the positive cases Candida sp. were found in 24 (12%) cases. Trichomonas vaginalis were obtained in 9 (4.5%) cases in this study. Prevalence was found significantly higher in lower qualification (p< 0.01). Microscopy is simple, cheap and reliable screening method to detect the prevalence of vaginitis in rural areas. The high rate of unnoticed genital infections warrants the need of constant health care and sensitization to prevent complications and acquisition and transmission of sexually transmitted diseases. So, it is essential to detect the disease and treat the cases in time in neglected and knowledge deprived areas.


Keywords: Candida, Trichomonas, Vaginal discharge.
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How to cite this article:

Rachna Tewari, Motilal P. Sah and Mridu Dudeja. 2017. Prevalence of Candida and Trichomonas in Vaginal Discharge of Rural Females not Seeking Medical Help: Microscopy and Its Role in Vaginitis.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 6(10): 3023-3029. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2017.610.356