International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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Original Research Articles                      Volume : 6, Issue:10, October, 2017

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : /
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2017.6(10): 2963-2970

Morphometry Analysis of Stingless Bee Tetragonula iridipennis Smith (1854)
M. Kishan Tej1*, M.R. Srinivasan1, K. Vijayakumar2, N. Natarajan1 and S.Mohan Kumar1
1Tamil Nadu Agricultural University Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, India
2Kongu Nadu Arts and Science College, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, India
*Corresponding author

The present studies were carried out to know the diversity in morphology of stingless bee Tetragonulairidipennis in Coimbatore, Erode and Tiruppur districts of Tamil Nadu, India. Adult worker bees were collected from identified feral nest of T. iridipennis in three different locations and bees were preserved in 70% ethanol. The preserved bees were dissected and fourteen morphometric measurements were studied using Leica M 165C stereo microscope. Morphometric analysis revealed that the bees collected from Coimbatore district were comparatively larger (Mean of HL= 1.53, HW 1.76, AL 1.87, HLL 3.46 and BTL 0.57 FL 4.00, WL2= 1.19, HTL=1.60 mm) compared to other two districts. The bees collected from Erode district are relatively small (Mean of HL= 1.23, HW= 1.62, AL 1.67, HLL 3.26 and BTL 0.44, FL 3.32, WL2= 0.89, HTL=1.31 mm). However there is no difference observed in number of hamuli (5) irrespective of the district from which bees are collected. The results of PCA showed that the cumulative variance of the three principal components reached 54% (PC 1), 29.3% (PC 2) and 6.2% (PC 3). The most discriminative characters recorded in the principle component analysis are FL, HTL, BTL, HW, FW, AL and WL2. These characters supported in forming three distinct clusters.

Keywords: Morphometry, Stingless bee, Tetragonula iridipennis, diversity and Taxonomy.

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How to cite this article:

Kishan Tej, M., M.R. Srinivasan, K. Vijayakumar, N. Natarajan and Mohan Kumar, S. 2017. Morphometry Analysis of Stingless Bee Tetragonula iridipennis Smith (1854).Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 6(10): 2963-2970. doi:
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