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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2020)
[Effective from January 1, 2020]
For more details click here

ICV 2018: 95.39
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2018 - IJCMAS--ICV 2018: 95.39
For more details click here

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PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2017.6(10): 2749-2763
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2017.610.323


Modification and Performance Evaluation of Animal Drawn Onion Seeder
B. Gireesh*, G. Sujatha, B. Sunitha, B. Rajkiran and M.V. Ramana
Department of Farm Machinery and Power, College of Agricultural Engineering, Madakasira, Ananthapuram-515 001, Andhra Pradesh, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Onion (Allium cepa L) is the most economical vegetable often used as a spice. The farming of onion on rainfed areas, by using broad casting method is very difficult. Broadcasting method results in the higher amount of seed rate, non-uniform distribution of seeds, poor bulb maturity, higher nutrient competition, and more over it is a time consuming and laborious process. By taking all these factors into consideration an animal drawn onion seeder was developed under rainfed onion crop cultivation with a reasonable cost of operation. The field area was divided into 6 no. of plots with length 20 m and width of 1.6 m. Number of germinated seedlings in a square meter, plant to plant spacing and row to row spacing were replicated 5 times in each plot with â…“rd, ½, â…”rd volume of filling in drums. The number of seedlings/ sq. m, in â…“rd volume of drum filling with double row holes (29) were more and found to be 150 number, and single row holes (14) was less and found to be 52 number, In plant to plant spacing, ½ drum filling single row holes (14) gave more spacing which was about 10.57 cm and â…“rd drum filling double row holes (29) gave less spacing which was about 5.358 cm. In row to row spacing, with ½ filling single row holes (14) gave more spacing which was found to be 11.55 cm and with â…“rd filling double row holes (29) gave less spacing 6.073 cm. The seeder with single row holes open with â…” rd of drum filling was selected to drop the onion seed in the rainfed area. The recommended onion seedlings should be in the range of 75 to 80 per sq. m with a row to row spacing of 7.5 to 8 cm and plant spacing of 6 to 8 cm. The above recommendations were met with single row holes (14) opened with â…” rd of drum filling. Field capacity of the seeder with single row holes (14) open and â…” rd of drum filling were 0.32 ha/hr. Row to row spacing was 7.9 cm with germination percentage of 97.3. The cost of the developed animal drawn onion seeder was Rs. 16,100.


Keywords: Allium cepa L., Onion seeder, Drums, Peg system, Onion cultivation.
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How to cite this article:

Gireesh, B., G. Sujatha, B. Sunitha, B. Rajkiran and Ramana, M.V. 2017. Modification and Performance Evaluation of Animal Drawn Onion Seeder.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 6(10): 2749-2763. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2017.610.323