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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2019)
[Effective from January 1, 2019]
For more details click here

ICV 2018: 95.39
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2017 - IJCMAS--ICV 2018: 95.39
For more details click here

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PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2017.6(10): 2411-2419
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2017.610.284


Pesticide Use in Cereals: An Analysis of Farmers’ Perception and Knowledge in Jammu District
Rakesh Kumar1*, Pawan Kumar Sharma2, P.S. Slathia1 and Nishi Sharma3
1Division of Agricultural Extension Education, Faculty of Agriculture, Sher-e-Kashmir University of Agricultural Sciences and Technology –Jammu, India
2Krishi Vigyan Kendra-Kathua, SKUAST-J, India
3Division of Veterinary Parasitology, Faculty of Veterinary Science and Animal Husbandry, Sher-e-Kashmir University of Agricultural Sciences and Technology –Jammu, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

In agriculture, the use of pesticide has been the dominant form of pest management since the 1950s to kill pest organisms including insects, weeds, fungi and nematodes. In recent times, use of pesticides in rice and wheat cultivation has increased rapidly and this scenario contributes significantly towards adverse effects on human health, environment and on overall bio-diversity as these two crops are among the major food crops grown in India and study area. Keeping this in view a study was undertaken in R.S. Pura tehsil of Jammu district of Jammu and Kashmir with the objective to analyze the farmer’s perception and knowledge regarding pesticide use in two major cereal crops i.e. rice and wheat grown in Jammu district. Eight villages from the selected tehsil were randomly selected and a list of 20 farmers growing rice and wheat was prepared for each village. Eight farmers out of 20 were then randomly selected from each village thus comprising a sample of 64 respondents for final study. The gain in terms of increased yield with herbicide use, as observed by farmers was reported to be 3.0q/ha, and 2.0q/ha in rice and wheat, respectively. The gain with use of insecticides was found to be 0.50 q/ha for rice. Farmers were found to be well aware about ill effects of pesticides and ready to use alternatives carrying less hazards, if found equally effective. Farmers had good knowledge about name and dosages of different herbicides used in rice and wheat crop but lack knowledge about different insecticides and fungicides used in these crops because of its less use in both these important cereal crops.


Keywords: Pesticides, Perception, Knowledge, Productivity.
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How to cite this article:

Rakesh Kumar, Pawan Kumar Sharma, P.S. Slathia and Nishi Sharma. 2017. Pesticide Use in Cereals: An Analysis of Farmers’ Perception and Knowledge in Jammu District.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 6(10): 2411-2419. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2017.610.284