International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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Original Research Articles                      Volume : 6, Issue:10, October, 2017

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : /
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2017.6(10): 2184-2195

The Role of Non-Timber Forest Products (NTFPs) in Tribal Economy of Jharkhand, India
M.A. Islam1* and S.M. S. Quli2
1Faculty of Forestry, Sher-e-Kashmir University of Agricultural Sciences and Technology of Kashmir, Benhama, Ganderbal-191201 (J&K), India
2Faculty of Forestry, Birsa Agricultural University, Kanke, Ranchi-834006 (Jharkhand), India
*Corresponding author

This study examined the role of NTFPs in tribal economy of Bundu block in Ranchi district of Jharkhand, India. A multi-stage random sampling technique was employed to select sample villages (9) and households (164) for field survey. Data were collected through structured interviews and non-participant observations which were analysed using descriptive statistics viz., frequency (f), percentage (%), mean (x) and range. Results revealed that average income earned from NTFPs was Rs. 4791.16 household-1 annum-1 which is differentiated as cottage industry (36.26%), fruit (13.49%), fuel wood (11.40%), tooth brush (8.55%), fodder (8.15%), mahua (Madhuca latifolia) flower (7.22%), oilseeds (6.74%), vegetables (4.31%) and ethno-medicine (0.88%). Among the NTFPs classes cottage industry accrued maximum (Rs. 1881.09) income while ethno-medicine procured lowest (Rs. 42.07) in the tribal households. Fuel wood represented highest (67) number of species followed by fodder (37), fruit (10), vegetable (7), oilseed (5), tooth brush (4), ethno-medicine (3), cottage industry (2) and mahua flower (1). Peak seasonality of NTFPs exploitation is limited for only 3-4 months only. Average gross annual income was Rs. 27894.20 household-1 annum-1 composed of agriculture (36.24%), NTFPs (17.18%), wage labour (9.75%), livestock (8.86%), business/ shop keeping (8.72%), timber (7.83%), service (6.78%) and others (4.63%). Sustainable exploitation, use and commercialization of NTFPs are the main drivers for socioeconomic development, poverty reduction and livelihood security of the tribes in the area.

Keywords: NTFPs, Exploitation, Livelihood, Economy, Tribes, Household, Jharkhand, India.

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How to cite this article:

Islam, M.A. and Quli, S.M.S. 2017. The Role of Non-Timber Forest Products (NTFPs) in Tribal Economy of Jharkhand, India.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 6(10): 2184-2195. doi:
Copyright: This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike license.