International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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Original Research Articles                      Volume : 6, Issue:10, October, 2017

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : /
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2017.6(10): 1211-1218

Soil Enzyme Activity as Affected by Tillage and Residue Management Practices under Diverse Cropping Systems
Rituparna Saikia* and Sandeep Sharma
Department of Soil Science, Assam Agricultural University, Jorhat, Assam, India
*Corresponding author

Soil enzyme plays a crucial role in nutrient transformation in soil hence referred as an important factor of crop productivity. This review aims to strengthen the state of knowledge of different soil enzymes responsible for transformation of carbon (β-glucosidase, xylanase and cellulase), nitrogen (urease and amidohydrolases), phosphorus (phosphatases and phytase) and organic matter decomposition in soil (dehydrogenase, fluorescein diacetate, phenol oxidase and peroxidase). This review further summarise the effect of tillage and residue management on soil enzyme activities from different literatures and also focuses on the potential use of soil enzymes as soil quality indicator under diverse management practices in various cropping systems. From this study it can be suggested that soil management practices clearly influences soil enzyme activity. All the studied enzymes increase with residue retention and reduction in tillage intensity as compared with intensive tillage practices. It was concluded that soil enzyme activity can potentially used to distinguish sustainable management practices from unsustainable one, hence could be useful to determine soil quality in diverse cropping systems under wide range of agro-climatic conditions.

Keywords: Residue management, Soil enzyme, Soil quality, Tillage.

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How to cite this article:

Rituparna Saikia and Sandeep Sharma. 2017. Soil Enzyme Activity as Affected by Tillage and Residue Management Practices under Diverse Cropping Systems.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 6(10): 1211-1218. doi:
Copyright: This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike license.