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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2020)
[Effective from January 1, 2020]
For more details click here

ICV 2018: 95.39
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2018 - IJCMAS--ICV 2018: 95.39
For more details click here

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PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2017.6(10): 1049-1061
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2017.610.127


Effect of Long Term Fertilization on Soil K Dynamics and Uptake by Hybrid Maize in an Irrigated Inceptisol under Intensive Cropping
Pragyan Paramita Rout1*, N. Chandrasekaran1, K. Arulmozhiselvan1 and Dhaneshwar Padhan2
1Department of Soil Science and Agricultural Chemistry, Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Coimbatore-641003, Tamil Nadu, India
2Dept. of Agricultural Chemistry & Soil Science, Bidhan Chandra Krishi Viswavidyalaya, Nadia, West Bengal-741235, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

We aimed to evaluate the effect of long-term application of chemical fertilizers and organic manures on soil potassium (K) dynamics, K uptake and yield of hybrid maize under finger millet-hybrid maize cropping sequence. Soil samples with ten (10) different management practices viz., T1 - 50 % NPK, T2 - 100% NPK, T3 - 150% NPK, T4 - 100% NPK + hand weeding, T5 - 100% NPK + ZnSO4 @ of 25 kg ZnSO4 ha-1, T6 - 100% NP, T7 - 100% N alone, T8 - 100% NPK + FYM @ 10 t ha-1, T9 - 100% NPK (-S) and T10 - absolute control collected from an ongoing AICRP-LTFE were employed for the present study. Results showed a significant higher value of available K in soil under 100% NPK+FYM treatment irrespective of critical growth stages of hybrid maize. Among the K fractions, water soluble K was the least in magnitude and lattice K was found to be dominant one. Application of 100% NPK with FYM recorded highest amount of total K as well as all other K fractions emphasizing the importance of organic manure in transformations of different K fractions in soil. Grain and straw yield of hybrid maize were significantly higher under 100% NPK + FYM treatment which is well evidenced by a yield increase of 12.6 % over 100% NPK alone. The results on change in soil available K over a period from 1972-2014under continuous cropping depicts a negative balance of K in soil irrespective of fertilizer treatments imposed, lowest (- 205 kg ha-1) being recorded in 100% NPK + FYM plots (T8). Therefore, the present investigation stresses the vital importance of inclusion of organic manure in the fertilizer schedule for maintaining soil K dynamics and enhancing yield of hybrid maize so as to sustain soil productivity over long run.


Keywords: K dynamics, K fractions, Long-term fertilization, Negative balance, Organic manure, Soil productivity.
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How to cite this article:

Pragyan Paramita Rout, N. Chandrasekaran, K. Arulmozhiselvan and Dhaneshwar Padhan. 2017. Effect of Long Term Fertilization on Soil K Dynamics and Uptake by Hybrid Maize in an Irrigated Inceptisol under Intensive Cropping.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 6(10): 1049-1061. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2017.610.127