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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
IJCMAS is now DOI (CrossRef) registered Research Journal. The DOIs are assigned to all published IJCMAS Articles.
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2018 - IJCMAS--ICV 2018: 95.39 For more details click here
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2020)
[Effective from January 1, 2020]
For more details click here

ICV 2018: 95.39
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2018 - IJCMAS--ICV 2018: 95.39
For more details click here

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Original Research Articles

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2017.6(10): 461-467
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2017.610.056


Necrotizing Fasciitis: Epidemiology in Three Cameroonian Hospitals
Meyobeme Marie Thérese1, Ntsama Essomba Claudine2*, Nono Jean Jacques3, Kengne Michel1 and Essomba Arthur2
1School of Health Sciences, Catholic University of Central Africa, Cameroon
2Faculty of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, University of Yaounde I, Cameroon
3Yaounde Central Hospital, Cameroon
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Skin infections are common in surgical practice. They may take various forms, including severe ones, such as necrotizing fasciitis, a bacterial infection affecting the subcutaneous tissues and reaching the superficial aponeurosis. In a bid to contribute to the management of this surgical condition with a severe prognosis, a retrospective study was carried out in the surgery units of three health facilities in the city of Yaoundé, Cameroon. The specific objective was to determine the prevalence of necrotizing fasciitis and to identify the risk factors for their occurrence. Data were collected from the patients' records and/or the operating room records of the surgery units of the selected health facilities, using a pre-established data sheet 4252 patients were operated between January 2013 and December 2015, of which 102 patients with necrotizing fasciitis were identified. The prevalence of necrotizing fasciitis appeared to increase over time from 1.5% in 2013 to 4.05% in 2015. The marital status, use of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, diabetes and HIV were identified as statistically significant factors. Necrotising fasciitis is a relatively common disease in Cameroonian hospitals and its prevalence is clearly increasing. Its occurrence is related to the influence of clinical risk factors such as HIV/AIDS infection, diabetes and the use of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs.


Keywords: Necrotizing fasciitis, Skin infection, Surgical pathology
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How to cite this article:

Meyobeme Marie Thérese, Ntsama Essomba Claudine, Nono Jean Jacques, Kengne Michel and Essomba Arthur. 2017. Necrotizing Fasciitis: Epidemiology in Three Cameroonian Hospitals.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 6(10): 461-467. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2017.610.056