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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2020)
[Effective from January 1, 2020]
For more details click here

ICV 2018: 95.39
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2018 - IJCMAS--ICV 2018: 95.39
For more details click here

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PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
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Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2017.6(10): 451-460
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2017.610.055


India’s Trade Performance in Poultry Products
Priyanka Agarwal*, Rakesh Singh, Harshita Tewari and Rekha Rani
Department of Agricultural Economics, Institute of Agricultural Sciences, BHU, Varanasi-221005, U.P., India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Poultry is one of the fastest growing segments of the agricultural sector. Production of eggs and broilers has been rising at a rate of 8 to 10 percent per annum. In term of export from India, Poultry Products recorded 18% growth during the financial year 2015-16 (APEDA). Therefore the study was conducted with an aim to capture the dynamics of the poultry sector at international level by studying the trade composition and performance of poultry sector, diversity in export import of poultry products and comparative advantage of India’s poultry sector export. The study is based on time series data pertaining to the period 1996-2013. The data on value of exports/imports for India and world were collected from FAOSTAT database. The data was analysed using simple descriptive statistical tools. Simpson diversification index was used to measure the export import diversity and export performance ratio were calculated to find out the comparative advantage. The results revealed that Eggs hen in shell comprises the highest per cent of the poultry products exported from India followed by the Egg dried. However, there was no export of Offal during study period. Both Live Turkey and turkey meat comprises almost negligible share in export value of total poultry products from India. No live poultry were imported to India during triennium ending (T.E.) 2001. Egg hen in shell comprises highest share in import value of poultry sector while no import of eggs other birds in shell during 1996-2013. Among offals, only offals liver ducks were imported to India during 2005-13.Share of import and export value of turkey in total value of live poultry imported and exported for India shows changing status of India from importer of turkey to exporter of turkey. It was found that chicken was the most frequently traded live poultry product. The trend in net export shows that overall India enjoyed as net exporter of total poultry products. The trend in growth rate shows that egg hen in shell and egg liquid shows positive import growth rate for 1996-2013. Maximum export variability was exhibits by live Turkey for period 1996 to 2004 and maximum imports variability was for meat chicken in both sub-period 1996-2004 and 2005-13. It was found that there is relatively more trade diversity in world than India. The value to import diversification index for world was 0.92 in T.E. 2013 showing almost complete import diversification of poultry sector. Maximum diversification in import of poultry products in India was observed during T.E. 2007. India has comparative advantage Eggs dried, Eggs hen in shell. However India lost comparative advantage in egg liquids during 2005 to 2010. It is suggested that India should make efforts for diversification.


Keywords: Poultry, Simpson index, Comparative advantage, Diversification, Export Performance Ratio.
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How to cite this article:

Priyanka Agarwal, Rakesh Singh, Harshita Tewari and Rekha Rani. 2017. India’s Trade Performance in Poultry Products.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 6(10): 451-460. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2017.610.055