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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2019)
[Effective from January 1, 2019]
For more details click here

ICV 2018: 95.39
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2017 - IJCMAS--ICV 2018: 95.39
For more details click here

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PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
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Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2017.6(10): 61-71
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2017.610.008


Tree Foliages Fed to Dairy Animals in Mizoram: Traditional Medicinal Uses, Screening and Quantification of Phytochemicals
Rajat Buragohain*
Department of Animal Nutrition, College of Veterinary Sciences and Animal Husbandry, Central Agricultural University, Selesih, Aizawl, Mizoram – 796014, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

The study was to identify tree foliages fed to dairy animals in Mizoram, to screen and quantify the phytochemicals and to survey traditional medicinal uses. Surveys conducted on 45 dairy farmers of 15 randomly selected villages of RDBs of Aizawl district, Mizoram (namely, Tlangnuam, Thingsulthiah and Aibawk). Aqueous extracts of representative leaf samples were made for phytochemical screening and quantification by following different procedures. The study revealed usages of 41 different tree foliages out of which 21 were evergreen. Qualitative screening revealed 33 and 25 species positive for polyphenols and flavonoids, all for terpenoids; 22, 13 and 5 species for saponins, alkaloids and reducing sugar, respectively and 4, 10 and 13 tree species positive for glycosides, quinone and phlobatanins, respectively. DM% of the tree leaves varied from 16.04 – 22.95%. Total phenolics ranged from 4.3048±0.79% to 61.5564±3.91% and CT levels from 0.1165±0.04% to 7.0692±2.53% on DM basis. The flavonoids ranged from 0.0500±0.00 to 178.4833±0.83 mg RE/g dry sample and saponins varied from 10.0667±0.33 to 112.5033±2.15 mg DE/g dry sample. The alkaloids content was 0.18±0.01 mg/g in Cordia dichotoma G. Forst (Muk-fang) to 7.28±0.01 mg/g in Anogeissus acuminate (Roxb. Ex DC) Gull. (Zai-rum). Some tree species were found to utilize by the Mizo communities for treating various ailments. Baseline data about concentration of phytochemicals of tree foliages fed to dairy animal in Mizoram will help in exploiting them as herbs and potential feeds in TMR of dairy animals in Mizoram.


Keywords: Tree foliage, Phytochemical, Dairy animal, Mizoram.
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How to cite this article:

Rajat Buragohain. 2017. Tree Foliages Fed to Dairy Animals in Mizoram: Traditional Medicinal Uses, Screening and Quantification of Phytochemicals.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 6(10): 61-71. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2017.610.008