International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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Original Research Articles                      Volume : 6, Issue:10, October, 2017

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : /
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2017.6(10): 61-71

Tree Foliages Fed to Dairy Animals in Mizoram: Traditional Medicinal Uses, Screening and Quantification of Phytochemicals
Rajat Buragohain*
Department of Animal Nutrition, College of Veterinary Sciences and Animal Husbandry, Central Agricultural University, Selesih, Aizawl, Mizoram – 796014, India
*Corresponding author

The study was to identify tree foliages fed to dairy animals in Mizoram, to screen and quantify the phytochemicals and to survey traditional medicinal uses. Surveys conducted on 45 dairy farmers of 15 randomly selected villages of RDBs of Aizawl district, Mizoram (namely, Tlangnuam, Thingsulthiah and Aibawk). Aqueous extracts of representative leaf samples were made for phytochemical screening and quantification by following different procedures. The study revealed usages of 41 different tree foliages out of which 21 were evergreen. Qualitative screening revealed 33 and 25 species positive for polyphenols and flavonoids, all for terpenoids; 22, 13 and 5 species for saponins, alkaloids and reducing sugar, respectively and 4, 10 and 13 tree species positive for glycosides, quinone and phlobatanins, respectively. DM% of the tree leaves varied from 16.04 – 22.95%. Total phenolics ranged from 4.3048±0.79% to 61.5564±3.91% and CT levels from 0.1165±0.04% to 7.0692±2.53% on DM basis. The flavonoids ranged from 0.0500±0.00 to 178.4833±0.83 mg RE/g dry sample and saponins varied from 10.0667±0.33 to 112.5033±2.15 mg DE/g dry sample. The alkaloids content was 0.18±0.01 mg/g in Cordia dichotoma G. Forst (Muk-fang) to 7.28±0.01 mg/g in Anogeissus acuminate (Roxb. Ex DC) Gull. (Zai-rum). Some tree species were found to utilize by the Mizo communities for treating various ailments. Baseline data about concentration of phytochemicals of tree foliages fed to dairy animal in Mizoram will help in exploiting them as herbs and potential feeds in TMR of dairy animals in Mizoram.

Keywords: Tree foliage, Phytochemical, Dairy animal, Mizoram.

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How to cite this article:

Rajat Buragohain. 2017. Tree Foliages Fed to Dairy Animals in Mizoram: Traditional Medicinal Uses, Screening and Quantification of Phytochemicals.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 6(10): 61-71. doi:
Copyright: This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike license.