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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2020)
[Effective from January 1, 2020]
For more details click here

ICV 2018: 95.39
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2018 - IJCMAS--ICV 2018: 95.39
For more details click here

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PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
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Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2017.6(9): 3324-3334
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2017.609.411


Effect of Different Jute (Corchorus olitorius L.) Based Cropping Systems on Soil Quality under Farmers’ Field Condition in the Eastern Indo-Gangetic Plain
U.S. Manna1, S. Biswas2, Sonali P. Mazumdar1, B. Majumdar1* and S. Sasmal1
1Division of Crop Production, ICAR-Central Research Institute for Jute & Allied Fibres, Barrackpore, Kolkata- 700 120, India
2Division of Soil Science & Agricultural Chemistry, ICAR-Indian Agricultural Research Institute, New Delhi- 100 012, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Jute based cropping system is one of the predominant cropping system in Indo-Gangetic plains of Eastern India. Soil quality assessment and identification of key soil indicators are very much important for sustaining high crop yields and maintaining normal functioning of the soil. Soil quality cannot be measured directly but evaluation of individual physical, chemical and biological parameters is the way to study management induced changes in soil quality. The present investigation was carried out to assess the impact of different jute based cropping systems on soil quality in farmers’ fields. Soil samples (georeferenced) were collected at 0-0.2 m depth from the farmers’ fields following the jute based cropping systems for more than five years. Soil quality was evaluated in terms of physico-chemical and biological attributes of soils. The physico-chemical properties showed considerable variation under jute based cropping systems in three districts. Soils of Hooghly district have much lower organic carbon (6.9 to 9.3 g kg-1) and higher available nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium status as compared to Nadia and North 24-Parganas. Among all jute based cropping systems, jute-rice-potato recorded highest organic carbon (14.1 g kg-1) content followed by jute-rice-lentil (13.2 g kg-1) in North 24 Parganas district and jute-rice-garden pea (12.98 g kg-1) of Nadia district. Soil enzymatic activities, like dehydrogenase (DHA), fluorescein diacetate hydrolyzing (FDHA) and urease activities varied among the cropping systems within each district as well as among the districts. Results indicated that the enzymatic activities and soil microbial biomass carbon were higher in North 24-Parganas and Nadia as compared to Hooghly. Soils of Hooghly district recorded higher acid phosphatase activity in soil while the soils of Nadia and North 24 Parganas recorded higher alkaline phosphatase activity. Jute-rice-potato, jute-rice-coriander and jute-rice-garden pea can safely be recommended for achieving higher soil quality in Hooghly, North24 Parganas and Nadia district, respectively.


Keywords: Jute based cropping system, Soil quality, soil organic carbon, soil microbial biomass, soil enzymes, and farmers’ field.
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How to cite this article:

Manna, U.S., S. Biswas, Sonali P. Mazumdar, B. Majumdar and Sasmal, S. 2017. Effect of Different Jute (Corchorus olitorius L.) Based Cropping Systems on Soil Quality under Farmers’ Field Condition in the Eastern Indo-Gangetic Plain.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 6(9): 3324-3334. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2017.609.411