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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
IJCMAS is now DOI (CrossRef) registered Research Journal. The DOIs are assigned to all published IJCMAS Articles.
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2020)
[Effective from January 1, 2020]
For more details click here

ICV 2018: 95.39
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2018 - IJCMAS--ICV 2018: 95.39
For more details click here

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Original Research Articles

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2017.6(9): 396-411
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2017.609.049


Aerobic Bacterial Profile of Post-Operative Wound Infections and their Antibiotic Susceptibility Pattern
P. Preethishree1*, Rekha Rai2 and K. Vimal Kumar2
1Department of Microbiology, Yenepoya Medical College, Mangalore, Karnataka, India
2Department of Microbiology, K. S. Hegde Medical Academy, Mangalore, Karnataka, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Post-operative wound infections remain a serious problem in spite of modern standards of pre-operative preparation, antibiotic prophylaxis and operative technique. This study was undertaken to Isolate aerobic bacterial pathogens from clinically suspected post-operative wound infections and to determine their antibiogram. Samples that were sent to Microbiology laboratory from clinically suspected cases of post-operative wound infections were processed further. The bacteria isolated on aerobic culture were identified to the species level by standard biochemical tests. Antibiotic sensitivity testing, phenotypic identification of MRSA and ESBL producers were done as per CLSI guidelines. Overall incidence of post-operative wound infection was 1.7%. Majority of the patients (53.66%) presented with SSI during the post-operative period of 3-10 days. 49 samples showed culture positivity out of 82 infected cases. S.aureus was the predominant isolate (73.47%) followed by E.coli, K.pneumoniae, P.aeruginosa and P.mirabilis. MRSA accounted for 22.22%. All the S.aureus isolates were sensitive to Linezolid and Vancomycin. 75% of Enterobacteriaceae produced ESBL among which 66.67% were E.coli and 33.33% were K.pneumoniae. Marked resistance of isolates to commonly used antibiotics indicates the need for judicious use of these drugs to prevent the emergence of multi drug resistant strains. Proper infection control measures and a sound antibiotic policy are necessary to reduce post-operative wound infections.


Keywords: Antibiotic Susceptibility Pattern, Post-Operative Wound Infections, Aerobic Bacteria
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How to cite this article:

Preethishree, P., Rekha Rai and Vimal Kumar, K. 2017. Aerobic Bacterial Profile of Post-Operative Wound Infections and Their Antibiotic Susceptibility Pattern.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 6(9): 396-411. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2017.609.049