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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
IJCMAS is now DOI (CrossRef) registered Research Journal. The DOIs are assigned to all published IJCMAS Articles.
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2020)
[Effective from January 1, 2020]
For more details click here

ICV 2019: 96.39
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2019 - IJCMAS--ICV 2019: 96.39
For more details click here

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Original Research Articles

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2016.5(4): 969-975
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2016.504.111


In Vitro Biological Control of Strongyles (Strongylida) in Llamas (Lama glama) Coming from a Zoo, in Southeastern Brazil
Maria Gorett Ramos Rodrigues2, Filippe Elias Freitas Soares1, Emy Hiura2,
Anderson Rocha Aguiar1, Carolina Magri Ferraz2, Dominik Lenz2, Tatiana de Souza Barbosa2, Maria Cristina Valdetaro Rangel2, Leandro Abreu da Fonseca2,
Tracy Ferreira Lacerda2, Gracilene Maria Almeida Muniz Braga3, Fabio porto Sena2,
Jackson Victor Araújo1 and Fabio Ribeiro Braga1,2*
1Departamento de Veterinária, Universidade Federal de Viçosa, Viçosa, MG, Brazil
2Universidade Vila Velha, Vila Velha ES, Brazil
3Escola de Medicina da Santa Casa de Misericórdia, Brazil
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Llamas are ruminant mammals belonging to the camelids family, which also suffer from gastrointestinal parasites. Thus, in vitro studies under laboratory conditions were conducted to evaluate the predatory activity of fungal isolates in in vitro biological control of gastrointestinal nematode parasites in llamas, coming from a zoo in southeastern Brazil. The species Duddingtonia flagrans (AC001 and CG768); Arthrobotrys conoides (I40); Arthrobotrys robusta (I31); Monacrosporium sinense (SF53) and Monacrosporuim thaumasium (NF34) were used in the experiment, grown in 2% agar-water culture (AW2%) in 9.0 cm in diameter petri dishes. After seven days of interaction it was observed that all fungal isolates were efficient in the capture and destruction of L3, however, not differing in their predatory activity within each other (p> 0.01), but differing from the control group. At the end of the experiment the following reduction percentages were obtained 87.56% (AC001); 90.45% (CG768); 93.07% (I40); 94.58% (I31); 90.28% (SF53); 92.30% (NF34), in relation to the control group. It was concluded that all fungal isolates were effective in the in vitro biological control of L3 nematodes in llamas. However, larger studies, particularly in the field are required toobtain a more effective control of the free life forms of these parasites in Lamasraised in a zooin southeastern Brazil.


Keywords: Nematophagous Fungi, Biological Control, Nematodes, Fungi Predators of Nematodes.
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How to cite this article:

Maria Gorett Ramos Rodrigues, Filippe Elias Freitas Soares, Emy   Hiura, Anderson Rocha Aguiar, Carolina Magri Ferraz, Dominik Lenz,            Tatiana de Souza Barbosa, Maria Cristina Valdetaro Rangel, Leandro         Abreu da Fonseca, Tracy Ferreira Lacerda, Gracilene Maria Almeida Muniz Braga, Fabio porto Sena, Jackson Victor Araújo and Fabio Ribeiro Braga. 2016. In Vitro Biological Control of Strongyles (Strongylida) in Llamas (Lama glama) Coming from a Zoo, in Southeastern Brazil.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 5(4): 969-975. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2016.504.111