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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2020)
[Effective from January 1, 2020]
For more details click here

ICV 2018: 95.39
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2018 - IJCMAS--ICV 2018: 95.39
For more details click here

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PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2017.6(9): 1604-1610
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2017.609.197


Sediment Treatment for Increasing pH and Reducing Heavy Metal Cadmium (Cd) in Acid Mine Drainage
Fahruddin1, Asadi Abdullah1 and Nursiah La Nafie2
1Department of Biology, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences,
2Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Hasanuddin University, Makassar, 90245, Indonesia
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Acid mine drainage could be treated by using wetland sediment as the source of sulfate-reducing bacteria for increasing pH and reducing heavy metal. The purpose of this study is to compare between the abilities of mangrove and swamp sediments in increasing pH and reducing heavy metal cadmium in acid mine drainage. Acid mine drainage experiment was conducted in a reactor by adding sediment (20%) and compost (10%), then incubated for 30 days. The pH changes were measured using pH meter, while the cadmium content was analyzed using Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometry (AAS), both was measured on the fifth day. The result showed that swamp sediment increased pH to 6, 8, while mangrove sediment increased pH to 6, 2 at the end of incubation. The results for cadmium reduction also indicated that swamp sediment (P2) could reduce cadmium from 1.88 to 0.17 ppm (90.96%), while mangrove sediment (P1) reduced cadmium from 1.72 to 0.24 ppm (86%). In addition, treatment only with compost (P3) and treatment without sediment and compost to control (P4) did not show any significant changes both for pH increase meant or cadmium reducement.


Keywords: Sediment, Acid mine drainage, Cadmium.
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How to cite this article:

Fahruddin, As'adi Abdullah and Nursiah La Nafie. 2017. Sediment Treatment for Increasing pH and Reducing Heavy Metal Cadmium (Cd) in Acid Mine Drainage.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 6(9): 1604-1610. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2017.609.197