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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2020)
[Effective from January 1, 2020]
For more details click here

ICV 2018: 95.39
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2018 - IJCMAS--ICV 2018: 95.39
For more details click here

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PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
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Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2017.6(9): 1368-1377
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2017.609.166


Nutritional Evaluation of Indigenous Plants and Quantification of Total Saponins in Plant Extracts
Anamika1, K.K. Singhal1, A.K. Singh1 and Shilpi Kerketta2*
1Animal Nutrition Division, ICAR- National Dairy Research Institute,Karnal- 132001, Haryana, India
2Livestock Production Management, ICAR-National Dairy Research Institute, Karnal-132001, Haryana, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Present study was conducted for nutritional evaluation of indigenous plants like Reetha (Sapindus mukoressi), Shikakai (Acacia concinna), Mahua cake (Madhuca indica), Albizia leaves (Albizia lebbeck) and Yucca (Yucca schidigera) leaves, stem and roots and quantification of total saponins in plant extracts. Ground samples were analyzed for proximate principles, viz., dry matter (DM), organic matter (OM), crude protein (CP), ether extract (EE) and total ash (TA). Among all extracts the organic matter content in Yucca roots (98.42%) was highest whereas in Albizia leaves it was lowest (88.14%). The CP content of Albizia leaves was higher (19.15%) followed by Mahua cake (16.96%) than those of other plant materials. But, EE content of Mahua cake (6.93%) was higher than in Albizia leaves (3.98%). Total saponins content of Reetha, Shikakai, Mahua cake and Albizia leaves were found to be 8.74, 11.79, 7.34 and 3.75%, respectively. Total saponins content in various parts of Yucca plant i.e. leaves, root and stem was found to be 3.74, 4.02 and 2.80 %, respectively. Nitrogen content (mg/ml) in plant extract of Reetha, Shikakai, Mahua cake, Albizia leaves and Yucca root was found to be 2.59, 1.96, 0.98, 1.33 and 1.68, respectively. Thus it can be concluded that these indigenous plants extracts rich in saponins and can be employed to modify rumen microbial fermentation.


Keywords: Plant extracts, Chemical composition, Total saponins, Mahua cake, Crude protein
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How to cite this article:

Anamika, K.K. Singhal, A.K. Singh and Shilpi Kerketta. 2017. Nutritional Evaluation of Indigenous Plants and Quantification of Total Saponins in Plant Extracts.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 6(9): 1368-1377. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2017.609.166