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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
IJCMAS is now DOI (CrossRef) registered Research Journal. The DOIs are assigned to all published IJCMAS Articles.
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2018 - IJCMAS--ICV 2018: 95.39 For more details click here
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2019)
[Effective from January 1, 2019]
For more details click here

ICV 2018: 95.39
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2017 - IJCMAS--ICV 2018: 95.39
For more details click here

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Original Research Articles

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2017: 100.00
NAAS RATING 2018: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2017.6(9): 1304-1309
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2017.609.157


Seroprevalance and Co-infection of Hepatotropic Viruses in Acute Viral Hepatitis Cases
Nasiruddin M. Shaikh, Tanmay K. Mehta* and Parul D. Shah
Department of Microbiology, Smt. N.H.L. Municipal Medical College, Ahmedabad, Gujarat, India-380006
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Acute viral hepatitis (AVH) is a major public health problem and is an important cause of morbidity and mortality. The aim of the present study is to find seroprevalance and co-infection rate of hepatotropic viruses in suspected cases of acute viral hepatitis at a tertiary care hospital of western India. Samples of Acute viral Hepatitis cases were tested for hepatitis B surface antigen, anti-HAV IgM and anti-HEV IgM by the enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay from 1st April 2014 to 31st March 2015 at a tertiary care hospital in western India. HEV infection was found in 687 (74.43%) cases, followed by HAV 226(24.48%) cases and HBV 46 (4.98%) cases. Infection with more than one virus was detected in 69 (7.47%) cases, the most common being HAV and HEV co-infection in 44 (4.76%) cases. Co-infection of hepatitis viruses is not infrequent and detected in many cases of AVH. Therefore, testing for all hepatotropic viruses’ infection should be done in acute viral hepatitis cases regardless of route of transmission. The declined incidence of HEV infection with an evolving epidemiologic shift of HAV infection indicates the improvement in sanitary conditions.


Keywords: Co-infection, HAV, HEV, HBV, Acute viral hepatitis.
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How to cite this article:

Nasiruddin M. Shaikh, Tanmay K. Mehta and Parul D. Shah. 2017. Seroprevalance and Co-infection of Hepatotropic Viruses in Acute Viral Hepatitis Cases.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 6(9): 1304-1309. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2017.609.157