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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
IJCMAS is now DOI (CrossRef) registered Research Journal. The DOIs are assigned to all published IJCMAS Articles.
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2018 - IJCMAS--ICV 2018: 95.39 For more details click here
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2020)
[Effective from January 1, 2020]
For more details click here

ICV 2018: 95.39
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2018 - IJCMAS--ICV 2018: 95.39
For more details click here

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Original Research Articles

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2017.6(8): 1243-1254
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2017.608.151


Application of Microbial Enzymes in Industrial Waste Water Treatment
Kritika Pandey1*, Brajesh Singh1, Ashutosh Kumar Pandey1, Ishrat Jahan Badruddin1, Srinath Pandey2, Ved Kumar Mishra2 and Prashant Ankur Jain3
1Department of Biochemical Engineering, Harcourt Butler Technical University (HBTU), Kanpur- 208002, India
2Department of Biotechnology, Naraina Vidya Peeth Engineering and Management Institute, [Affiliated to Dr A P J Abdul Kalam Technical University (AKTU Code-429), Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India], Naraina Group of Institution, Gangaganj, Panki, Kanpur,Uttar Pradesh-208020, India
3Department of Computational Biology and Bioinformatics, Jacob School of Biotechnology and Bioengineering, Sam Higginbottom University of Agriculture, Technology and Sciences (SHUATS), Allahabad, U.P.-211007, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

The introduction and implementation of stringent standards for waste discharge into the environment has necessitated the need for the development of alternative waste treatment processes. A large number of enzymes from various microbes have been reported to play crucial role in wastewater treatment applications. Enzymes can specifically act on and remove recalcitrant pollutants by precipitation and transformation to other products and can also change the characteristics of a given waste making it more susceptible to treatment or aid in converting waste material to value added products. Immobilization increases the mechanical and thermal stability of the enzymes while decreasing the probability of enzyme leaching into solution. Horseradish peroxidase covalently immobilized onto magnetic beads retained a high activity and stability and performed higher phenol conversions. Recalcitrant pollutants in wastewater can also be treated by using nanotubes carrying oxidative enzymes as laccases and peroxidases. Immobilization of glucose oxidase and chloroperoxidase onto carbon nanotubes maintained their functionality and increased substrate conversion efficiency. Many novel applications for their catalytic activities are being suggested through a proper understanding of enzymes and their functional significance. The use of enzymes in place of harmful chemical reactions is extremely important to meet the demands for cleaner and greener technologies to preserve the planet.


Keywords: Enzymes, Microorganisms, Wastewater, Recalcitrant pollutants.
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How to cite this article:

Kritika Pandey, Brajesh Singh, Ashutosh Kumar Pandey, Ishrat Jahan Badruddin, Srinath Pandey, Ved Kumar Mishra and Prashant Ankur Jain. 2017. Application of Microbial Enzymes in Industrial Waste Water Treatment.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 6(8): 1243-1254. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2017.608.151