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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
IJCMAS is now DOI (CrossRef) registered Research Journal. The DOIs are assigned to all published IJCMAS Articles.
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2018 - IJCMAS--ICV 2018: 95.39 For more details click here
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2020)
[Effective from January 1, 2020]
For more details click here

ICV 2018: 95.39
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2018 - IJCMAS--ICV 2018: 95.39
For more details click here

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Original Research Articles

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2017.6(8): 1212-1228
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2017.608.149


Solution for Sustainable Development for Developing Countries: Waste Water Treatment by Use of Membranes - A Review
Ashutosh Kumar Pandey1*, Brijesh Singh1, Sudha Upadhyay2, Srinath Pandey3, Ved Kumar Mishra3 and Prashant Ankur Jain4
1Department of Biochemical Engineering, Harcourt Butler Technical University (HBTU), Kanpur- 208002, India
2Chemical Engineering, Dr. Ambedkar Institute of Technology for Handicapped, [Affiliated to Dr A P J Abdul Kalam Technical University (AKTU Code-429), Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, Kanpur-208024, India
3Department of Biotechnology, Naraina Vidya Peeth Engineering and Management Institute, [Affiliated to Dr A P J Abdul Kalam Technical University (AKTU Code-429), Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India], Naraina Group of Institution, Gangaganj, Panki, Kanpur,
Uttar Pradesh-208020, India
4Department of Computational Biology and Bioinformatics, Jacob School of Biotechnology and Bioengineering, Sam Higginbottom University of Agriculture, Technology and Sciences (SHUATS), Allahabad, U.P.-211007, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

In developing countries, industrialization is the main cause of water pollution because of the various industries which generate wastewater that is needed to be discharged. The availability of fresh clean water is becoming increasingly limited in many areas of the world resulting in scarcity of potable water in many regions around the globe. The membranes have emerged as an efficient compact technology for municipal and industrial wastewater treatment. The separation and retention of biological solids has been widely applied as one of the alternatives to the conventional activated sludge process. The absolute retention of all microorganisms by membranes makes it possible to treat wastewater effectively. The membrane bioreactor is responsible for the remaining biochemical oxygen demand (BOD) removal, while the refractory matter (contributed to COD) is removed. This paper provides an overview of membranes fouling and studies conducted to identify mitigating strategies for fouling in Membrane bioreactors. Classes of foulant, including biofouling, organic foulant, and inorganic fouls, as well as factors influencing membranes fouling are outlined. Recent research attempts on fouling control, including the addition of coagulants and adsorbents, a combination of aerobic granulation with Quorum quenching also offers a strong potential for fouling control, but pilot-scale testing is required to explore the feasibility of full-scale application.


Keywords: Membrane, Wastewater, Fouling.
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How to cite this article:

Ashutosh Kumar Pandey, Brijesh Singh, Sudha Upadhyay, Srinath Pandey, Ved Kumar Mishra and Prashant Ankur Jain. 2017. Solution for Sustainable Development for Developing Countries: Waste Water Treatment by Use of Membranes (Review).Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 6(8): 1212-1228. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2017.608.149