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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2020)
[Effective from January 1, 2020]
For more details click here

ICV 2018: 95.39
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2018 - IJCMAS--ICV 2018: 95.39
For more details click here

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PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2017.6(8): 789-802
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2017.608.100


Estimation of Heterosis for Growth, Yield and Quality Traits in Bottle Gourd [Lagenaria siceraria (Mol.) Standl.]
Deepak Kumar Gautam*, G.C. Yadav, Pushpendra Kumar, Vimlesh Kumar and Manvendra Singh
Department of Vegetable Science, Narendra Deva University of Agriculture and Technology, Kumarganj, Faizabad-224 229 (U.P.), India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

The present investigation was carried out in two different seasons with aim to assess the heterobeltosis and standard heterosis in bottle gourd. The present study was comprised of 45 crosses developed through diallel mating design using 10 parents namely, NDBG-49-2 (P1), N. Rashmi (P2), N. Prabha (P3), N. Pooja (P4), Pusa Naveen (P5), Pb. Komal (P6), NDBG S-1 (P7), PBOG-3 (P8), NDBG-11 (P9) and Faizabadi Local (P10) at MES, Vegetable Science, NDUA&T, Kumarganj, Faizabad (U.P.) India during kharif 2015 (E1), and Rabi, 2015-16 (E2). The experiments were laid out in RBD with three replications having each experimental unit of single row with spacing of 3.0 m × 0.5 m. The observations were recorded on parents and F1’s for eighteen quantitative traits including six quality traits viz days to first staminate flower anthesis, days to first pistillate flower anthesis, node number to first staminate flower, node number to first pistillate flower appearance, days to first fruit harvest, vine length at last picking stage (m), number of primary branches per plant, fruit length (cm), fruit circumference (cm), fruit weight (kg), number of fruits per plant, fruit yield per plant (kg), total soluble solids (°B), ascorbic acid (mg/100 g fresh fruit), reducing sugar (%), non-reducing sugar (%), total sugars (%) and dry matter content in fruit (%).The present heterobeltiosis for fruit yield per plant heterosis range from -3.84 (P2 x P7) to 64.49 % (P5 x P8) in pooled in over better parent. The best five crosses which showed positive and significant heterosis over better parent were P3 x P9 (67.26 %), P5 x P8 (64.49 %), P6 x P9 (63.58 %), P4 x P5 (60.66 %) and P2 x P4 (58.76 %) Standard heterosis range from were 9.80 (P4 x P8) to 69.17 % (P3 x P9) in pooled. The best five crosses which showed desirable and significant positive standard heterosis in the pooled analysis were P3 x P9 (69.17 %), P6 x P9 (65.45 %), P5 x P8 (64.49 %), P4 x P5 (60.66 %) and P7 x P9 (56.80) for fruit yield per plant indicating that there was a great scope of realizing higher yield in bottle gourd through heterosis breeding.


Keywords: Bottle gourd, Heterobeltiosis, Economic heterosis and fruit yield per plant.
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How to cite this article:

Deepak Kumar Gautam, G.C. Yadav, Pushpendra Kumar, Vimlesh Kumar and Manvendra Singh. 2017. Estimation of Heterosis for Growth, Yield and Quality Traits in Bottle Gourd [Lagenaria Siceraria (Mol.) Standl.].Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 6(8): 789-802. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2017.608.100