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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2020)
[Effective from January 1, 2020]
For more details click here

ICV 2018: 95.39
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2018 - IJCMAS--ICV 2018: 95.39
For more details click here

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PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2016.5(4): 488-497
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2016.504.058


In-vitro Antimicrobial Resistance of Shigella and Salmonella species Recovered from Abattoir effluent in Afikpo, South Eastern Nigeria
S.C. Onuoha1*, S.C. Eluu1 and M.O. Okata2
Department of Biotechnology, Ebonyi State University, PMB 053 Abakaliki,
Ebonyi State, Nigeria
2Microbiology Unit, Department of Science Laboratory Technology, Akanu Ibiam Federal Polytechnic, PMB 1007 Afikpo, Ebonyi State, Nigeria
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Abattoir effluent has been found to contain high level of contaminants, including disease-causing bacteria such as Salmonella and Shigella species. Antibiotic resistance in these pathogenic bacteria is a serious public health issue. The study was aimed at evaluating the antimicrobial resistance profile of Shigella and Salmonella species isolated from abattoir effluent in Afikpo. Waste water were collected from the two abattoirs, from their point of discharge into surface water bodies with sterile sample bottles and transported to the Laboratory for bacteriological analyses. Bacteria targeted and isolated (Shigella and Salmonella) species were counted characterized and identified using standard microbiological and biochemical techniques. Antibiotic susceptibility study was carried out using Kirby Bauer disc diffusion method according to National Committee for Clinical Laboratory Standards (NCCLS, 2005).The result of the bacterial count showed mean value ranging from 1.00 x104 Cfu/mL to 1.77 x 104Cfu/mL. Antibiotic studies showed that Salmonella species had maximum resistance against nitrofurantoin, chloramphenicol, ampicillin and clarithomycin, while in Shigella species maximum resistance was observed in majority of the antibiotics used such as nitrofurantoin, augmentin, perfloxacin, clarithomycin, chloramphenicol and ampicillin.The presence of these multi-drug resistant strains of the isolated organism in abattoir effluents could act as a vehicle to disseminate antibiotic resistance to other bacteria. This emphasizes the need for proper treatment and safe disposal of abattoir effluents in Afikpo. 


Keywords: Salmonella spp, Shigella spp, Antibiotic resistance,Abattoir effluents.
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How to cite this article:

Onuoha, S. C., S.C. Eluu and Okata, M.O. 2016. In-vitro Antimicrobial Resistance of Shigella and Salmonella species Recovered from Abattoir effluent in Afikpo, South Eastern NigeriaInt.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 5(4): 488-497. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2016.504.058