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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2020)
[Effective from January 1, 2020]
For more details click here

ICV 2019: 96.39
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2019 - IJCMAS--ICV 2019: 96.39
For more details click here

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PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2017.6(7): 4501-4511
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2017.607.469


Diversity of Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi Associated with Smilax perfoliata Lour
Sufian A. Tapadar1*, Himadri Kalita1, Afrida Hussain2,3, Daimalu Baro2 and D.K. Jha2
1Department of Botany, University of Science and Technology, Meghalaya, India
2Department of Botany, Gauhati University, Assam, India
3Department of Botany, Cotton College, Guwahati, Assam, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Smilax perfoliata Lour is a traditionally used medicinal plant by many tribes of North-east India. There is no report of AM fungal diversity of this medicinally important plant. The present study is aimed to assess the AM fungal diversity in Smilax perfoliata Lour. Soil sample was collected from Manas National Park, Assam, India. The studied soil sample was found slightly alkaline in nature (pH: 7.8). The percent root colonization was recorded 82.98±1.01 %. AM Fungal spore density in the soil sample of Smilax perfoliata Lour was 147 spores 20gm-1 and species richness was 23. Rhizophagus fasciculatus and Glomus citricola showed highest relative abundance (6.45%). Eighteen AM fungal taxa were recorded from trap culture. Glomus citricola showed highest relative abundance (12.84%) in trap culture. Nine AM fungal taxa viz. Acaulospora denticulata, Glomus sp.4 G. pellucidum, G. tortuosum, Rhizophagus diaphanum, Ambispora fecundispora, Gigaspora rosea and Sclerocystis sp.1. were recorded in trap culture that was not observed in original soil sample. Glomus was the dominant genus during the present investigation. The monocultures of Rhizophagus fasciculatus, Glomus aggregatum, G. citricola, Funneliformis geosporum and Claroideoglomus etunicatum were successfully raised. The root colonization and spore density were highest in monoculture of F. geosporum and lowest in case of C. etunicatum. The present investigation provides knowledge and understanding about the presence and diversity of AM fungi in Smilax perfoliata Lour. This also provides good possibilities for further studies and utilization of AM fungi.


Keywords: Smilax perfoliata Lour; AM fungi, Root colonization, Spore density, Monosporic culture.
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How to cite this article:

Sufian A. Tapadar, Himadri Kalita, Afrida Hussain, Daimalu Baro and Jha, D.K. 2017. Diversity of Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi Associated with Smilax perfoliata LourInt.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 6(7): 4501-4511. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2017.607.469