International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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Original Research Articles                      Volume : 5, Issue:4, April, 2016

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : /
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2016.5(4): 375-383

Biodegradation of Heavy Metals – A Review
P.Meenambigai1, R. Vijayaraghavan2, R. Shyamala Gowri1, P.Rajarajeswari1 and P. Prabhavathi3*
 1Department of Microbiology and Biochemistry, Nadar Saraswathi College of
Arts & Science, Theni, Tamil Nadu, India
2Department of Microbiology and Nanotechnology, Nehru Arts & Science College,Coimbatore. Tamil Nadu, India
3Department of Microbiology, PSG College of Arts and Science, Coimbatore-14,Tamil Nadu, India
*Corresponding author

Soil is the soul of immeasurable life. It is being polluted by various organic and inorganic pollutants due to hasty urbanization and industrialization; it has led to increased dumping of heavy metals and radionuclide into the surroundings. Remediation is a main solution to solve the problem. There is a critical need for sprouting a comprehensive soil protection policy based on precautionary, analytical and therapeutic instruments, which are legally implemented. Restrictive and clean up measures to avoid hazards from contaminated soil belong to the curative soil protection. Bioremediation is a method, which uses indigenous micro flora or added specific microorganisms to help in biodegradation of pollutants and recovery of land and ground water. There are also numerous constraints, which should be overcome to use their method successfully as a tool for remediation of contaminated soils. When a microbiological methods are used to remove the complex polymers into the less dangerous forms are known as biodegradation, and in turn utilized by them as a source of energy.

Keywords: Heavy Metals,Radionuclide,Bioremediation,Soil.

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How to cite this article:

Meenambigai, P., R. Vijayaraghavan, R. Shyamala Gowri, P. Rajarajeswari and Prabhavathi, P. 2016. Biodegradation of Heavy Metals – A ReviewInt.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 5(4): 375-383. doi:
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