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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2020)
[Effective from January 1, 2020]
For more details click here

ICV 2018: 95.39
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2018 - IJCMAS--ICV 2018: 95.39
For more details click here

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PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2017.6(7): 1573-1579
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2017.607.189


Throat Carrier Rate of Streptococcus pneumoniae among Students Living in Hostels in a Higher Institution
B.O. Oluboyo1* and A.O. Oluboyo2
1Department of Medical Laboratory Science, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, Afe Babalola University, Nigeria
2Department of Medical Laboratory Science, College of Medicine and Health Sciences,Afe Babalola University, Ado Ekiti, Nigeria
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Streptococcus pneumoniae has been found responsible for a number of diseases in man. It lives harmlessly in the human throat where, if opportune, can cause diseases in the host or be transmitted to other susceptible persons through coughing and sneezing. This study investigated the carrier rate of the organism among students living in hostels in a higher institution. A total of 168 samples were collected from the students whose ages range between 20 and 40 and comprising of 84 males and 84 females. The samples were cultured on blood and chocolate agar. Isolates were identified using standard procedures and tested for antibiotic sensitivity using disc diffusion method. A total of 22 Streptococcus pneumoniae were isolated from the samples giving a carrier rate of 13.1%. Throat carriage of Moraxella catarrhalis, viridians Streptococci, non-haemolytic Streptococci, albus Staphylococci and some Gram negative bacilli were recorded as 85.7%, 51.2%, 26.8%, 3.6% and 2.4% respectively. Carrier rate was found to decrease with increase in age. A rate of 14.3% was seen in females as against 11.9% in males. There was no significant (p>0.05) increase in the throat carriage of the organism in female in relation to the males. Streptococcus pneumoniae rate of coexistence with non-haemolytic streptococcus was recorded as 31.8% while coexistence rate with Moraxella catarrhalis was 72.7%. The organism did not coexist with viridians streptococci, albus staphylococci and the Gram negative bacteria isolated. Streptococcus pneumoniae recorded 100% sensitivity against ceftriazone, ceftaxidime, cefuroxime, erythromycin and ampicillin; 82% against cotrimoxazole and 68% against tetracycline.


Keywords: Throat Carrier, Streptococcus pneumoniae, Moraxella catarrhalis.
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How to cite this article:

Oluboyo, B.O. and Oluboyo, A.O. 2017. Throat Carrier Rate of Streptococcus pneumoniae among Students Living in Hostels in a Higher Institution.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 6(7): 1573-1579. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2017.607.189