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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2020)
[Effective from January 1, 2020]
For more details click here

ICV 2018: 95.39
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2018 - IJCMAS--ICV 2018: 95.39
For more details click here

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PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2017.6(6): 2662-2672
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2017.606.317


Estimation of Demand Supply Gap and Major Constraints in Production and Marketing of Major Fruits and Vegetables in Bihar, India
Meera Kumari*
Bihar Agricultural University (BAU), Sabour, Bhagalpur, Bihar-813210, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

The paper is attempted to analyse the change in consumption pattern of fruits and vegetables across different socio-economic groups as well as demand and supply projection of major fruits and vegetables up to 2031. Further, constraints associated in production and marketing in the selected districts of state were also assessed. Data of five major round i.e. 38th,43t,50th,95th and 66th pertaining to the periods of 1983-84, 1988, 1993-94, 1999-2000, 2005-06 and 2009-10 respectively, shown a positive growth in annual per capita expenditure on fruits and vegetables and found to be more in urban areas than in rural areas. Results of the study revealed that vegetables have emerged as an essential commodity fetching income elasticity of demand lower than most of non-cereal commodities, while fruits continued to be more elastic. The demand of vegetable would be increase from 12.12 million tonnes in the year 2011 to 17.46 million tonnes in the year 2031, whereas the demand for fruits will be increased from 4.55 million tonnes (2011) to 6.55 million tonnes in the year 2031. This demand could be met by increasing the productivity of vegetables and fruits alone given the limitation of area expansion. The projected supply of major vegetables indicated that Bihar shall be surplus state in vegetable production and remained to be a surplus state in2031. Study also revealed that 90 percent of farmers were facing the problems of inadequate knowledge of market information system, and dis-satisfaction from price of fruits and & major constraints identified for vegetable were unavailability of cold storage facility; lack of processing plant in the state etc. Whereas un-availability of input at right time and right prices were highly significant constraints for production of these crops in the state.


Keywords: Demand and supply, Exponential function, Fruits and vegetables, Kendall’s test
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How to cite this article:

Meera Kumari. 2017. Estimation of Demand Supply Gap and Major Constraints in Production and Marketing of Major Fruits and Vegetables in Bihar, India.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 6(6): 2662-2672. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2017.606.317