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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2020)
[Effective from January 1, 2020]
For more details click here

ICV 2019: 96.39
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2019 - IJCMAS--ICV 2019: 96.39
For more details click here

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Original Research Articles

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2016.5(3): 692-704
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2016.503.082


Assessments of the Effect of Land use/ Land Cover Changes on Soil Properties in the North Eastern Nuba Mountains Region, Sudan
Elgubshawi A. Abdelmoneim. I.1, Doka M. A. Elabbas1, Suliman Mahgoub2* and Franz Makechin3
1Soil and water Sciences Department, College of Agricultural Studies; Projects Management Dept. CCF, Sudan University of Science and Technology, Sudan
2Head Forestry Department, College of Forestry and Range Science, Sudan University of Science and Technology, Sudan
3Soil Institute, TUD, Germany
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

The study was carried in Abu Jubeiha area in Northeast Nuba Mountain, South Kordofan region, Sudan. In the last decade an excessive changes have been realized in Abu Jubeiha area due to two reasons; civil war and its impact that causes internal migration and the drought which hits the whole Sudan region. Together, the civil war and the drought have caused excessive environmental changes. Consequently, cultivated lands were abandoned; crop production decreased and the forests were exposed to excessive wood cutting for daily needs especially close to the new settlement areas for displaced people. As the civil war restricted the regional movements of pastoralists and the nomadic tribes with their herds this has exerted tremendous pressure on safe non war zone transitional areas like Abu Jubeiha area. The study was intended to investigate the vegetation cover changes over time 1986-2005(civil war and peace span in the Nuba Mountains areas)as well as to detect its effect on soils characteristics at Abu Jubeiha area. The use of Remote Sensing and GIS techniques enabled classification of the area into dense forest, moderate forest, light forest and bare soil with an accuracy of about 64%.It study realized that 38% of the forested area were lost in between1986-2005 with an annually rate of about 1.8%. The forest clearance was increased two folds in the period between 1999 and 2005 (Peace span) compared to the period between 1986 and 1999 (War span).Routine soil analyses have been carried in relevant to vegetation cover. As well, soils dynamics were affected by land use activities and with the prevailing climatic conditions. The study concluded that civil war and the prevailing severe climatic conditions at North Eastern Nuba Mountains have resulted in more pressure on land resources at this area. The consequent soil and land degradation at the area manifested in the verified land cover/ land use changes have as well adverse effects on dynamic soil properties.


Keywords: Nuba Mountains, Land Cover/ Land use Changes, Land degradation, Remote sensing, Geographic Information System (GIS).
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How to cite this article:

Elgubshawi A. Abdelmoneim. I., Doka M. A. Elabbas, Suliman      Mahgoub and Franz Makechin. 2016. Assessments of the Effect of Land use/ Land Cover Changes on Soil Properties in the North Eastern Nuba Mountains Region, Sudan.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 5(3): 692-704. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2016.503.082