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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2019)
[Effective from January 1, 2019]
For more details click here

ICV 2017: 100.00
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2017 - IJCMAS--ICV 2017: 100.00
For more details click here

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PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
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Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2017: 100.00
NAAS RATING 2018: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2017.6(5): 2136-2143
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2017.605.239


Antinutrient and Mineral Content of Thirteen Different Varieties of Pearl Millet Locally Grown in Haryana, India
Isha Kaushik* and Raj Bala Grewal
Centre of Food Science and Technology, CCSHAU, Hisar, Haryana, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Thirteen different varieties of pearl millet locally grown in Haryana were analyzed for antinutrient content (polyphenol and phytic acid) and mineral content. Significant variation was noticed among different varieties i.e., 403.7 to 521 mg polyphenol/100 g and 577.7 to 620.7 mgphytic acid/100 g. Polyphenol and phytic acid was found maximum in HHB-146 and HHB-67 and minimum content observed in WHC-901-445 and HHB-226, respectively varieties of pearl millet. Pearl millet varieties were also contained appreciable amount of mineral content i.e., potassium, magnesium, calcium, iron, zinc and copper varied from 171.6 to 215.3, 64.1 to 72.0, 27.2 to 37.3, 2.7 to 6.4, 1.3 to 1.9 and 0.1 to 0.5 mg/100 g, respectively. Different treatments such as soaking, fermentation, blanching and roasting can enhance the bio-availability of these minerals by decreasing the level of antinutrients. Therefore, knowledge of nutrient content of these locally grown pearl millet varieties may help in the commercial processing of these grains into value-added food and beverage products which can be an important driver for economy and to curb malnutrition in developing countries.


Keywords: Antinutrient, Polyphenol, Phytic acid, Pearl millet
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How to cite this article:

Isha Kaushik and Raj Bala Grewal. 2017. Antinutrient and mineral content of thirteen different varieties of Pearl Millet locally grown in Haryana, India.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 6(5): 2136-2143. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2017.605.239