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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
IJCMAS is now DOI (CrossRef) registered Research Journal. The DOIs are assigned to all published IJCMAS Articles.
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2019)
[Effective from January 1, 2019]
For more details click here

ICV 2017: 100.00
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2017 - IJCMAS--ICV 2017: 100.00
For more details click here

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Original Research Articles

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2017: 100.00
NAAS RATING 2018: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2017.6(5): 1654-1661
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2017.605.180


Influence of Plant Growth Regulators on Physiological Traits under Salinity Stress in Constrasting Rice Varieties (Oryza sativa L.)
E. Kanmani, V. Ravichandran, R. Sivakumar, A. Senthil, K.Krishna Surendar and P. Boominathan*
Department of Crop Physiology, Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Coimbatore-3, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Soil salinity is considered as a one of the major abiotic stress posing great challenges to the growth and production of crops around the world. Salinity affects various physiological processes related to plant growth and development. Salinity induced a drastic decline in chlorophyll content, chlorophyll stability index and photosynthesis activity in the plants. Phytohormones are chemical messengers produced in one part of plant and translocated to the other parts, where they play critical roles in regulation of physiological process and plant responses to abiotic stresses including salinity stress. In this study, the pot culture experiment was carried out with two contrasting rice varieties differing in salinity tolerance viz., pokkali and CO51. These two rice varieties were foliar applied with different plant growth regulators associated with salinity tolerance at varied concentrations under 160 mM NaCl salinity conditions. We attempted to investigate the influence of plant growth regulators for mitigating the salinity stress in contrasting rice varieties. Among the four hormones studied, brassinolide @ 1ppm increased the photosynthetic rate and chlorophyll fluorescence whereas gibberellic acid @ 50 ppm improved the chlorophyll content compared to other hormones besides enhanced transpiration through 20 ppm kinetin rate under salinity stress. This study indicated that plant growth regulators could be effectively used for improving physiological traits, thereby increasing the yield in rice under salinity stress. Further, the response in terms of improvement in physiological traits was similar in both tolerant and sensitive varieties.


Keywords: Salinity, Rice, Photosynthetic Rate, Chlorophyll Index, Chlorophyll Fluorescence.
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How to cite this article:

Kanmani, E., V. Ravichandran, R. Sivakumar, A. Senthil, K. Krishna Surendar and Boominathan, P. 2017. Influence of Plant Growth Regulators on Physiological Traits under Salinity Stress in Constrasting Rice Varieties (Oryza sativa L.).Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 6(5): 1654-1661. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2017.605.180