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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2019)
[Effective from January 1, 2019]
For more details click here

ICV 2017: 100.00
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2017 - IJCMAS--ICV 2017: 100.00
For more details click here

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PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
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Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2017: 100.00
NAAS RATING 2018: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2017.6(5): 1523-1528
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2017.605.166


Effect of Establishment Techniques and Sowing Time on Yield and Yield Attributes of Proso Millet (Panicum miliaceum L.)
H.D. Gavit, V.A. Rajemahadik, G.K. Bahure*, M.S. Jadhav, T.N. Thorat and M.C. Kasture
College of Agriculture, Dr. Balasaheb Sawant Konkan Krishi Vidhyapeeth, Dapoli, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

The experiment was conducted at department of Agronomy, College of Agriculture, Dapoli, Dist. Ratnagiri during kharif, season 2015.The present investigation was carried out in strip plot design with three replications. The treatments comprised of three sowing time viz; sowing of proso millet in 23rdmetrological week (MW), 25thMWand 27thMWand treatments constituted four establishment techniques viz., drilling at 20 cm, broadcasting, transplanting at 20 cm x 15 cm and awatni. Thus, there were in all twelve (12) treatment combinations. The gross plot size was 4.2 m x 3.3 m and net plot size was 3.8 m x 3.0 m, respectively. The soil of the experimental plot was fairly levelled and uniform in topography with well drained conditions. The soil of the experiment plot was sandy clay loam in texture, low in available nitrogen (247.43 kg ha-1) and phosphorus (10.92 kg ha-1) and moderately high in available potassium (229.62 kg ha-1), very high in organic carbon (11.57) and moderately acidic in reaction (pH 5.51).The seeds of proso millet were sown at different sowing times viz., 10th Jun (23rd MW), 24th Jun (25th MW) and 8th July (27th MW) 2015 with different establishment techniques viz; Drilling, Broadcasting, Transplanting and awatni. Sowing of proso millet in 25th MW produced maximum and significantly higher grain yield (9.26 q ha-1) and straw yield (33.00 q ha-1) over rest of sowing times. The magnitude of increase in grain yield recorded by sowing of proso millet in 25th MW over the crop sown in 23rd MW and 27th MW was 2.09, 3.69 per cent, respectively. The increase in straw yield recorded due to the crop sown in 25th MW over 23rd and 27th MW was 8.65, 12.74 per cent, respectively, Transplanting of proso millet produced maximum and significantly higher grain yield (10.15 q ha-1) and straw yield (36.21 q ha-1) over rest of the establishment techniques followed by awatni. The magnitude of increase in grain yield recorded by transplanting over awatni, drilling and broadcasting was 5.50, 18.02, and 27.19 per cent, respectively. The per cent increase in straw yield recorded due to transplanting over awatni, drilling and broadcasting was to the tune of 10.80, 29.92 and 35.31, respectively.


Keywords: Proso millet, Sowing time, Establishment method, yield and yield attributes
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How to cite this article:

Gavit, H.D., V.A. Rajemahadik, G.K. Bahure, M.S. Jadhav, T.N. Thorat and Kasture, M.C. 2017. Effect of Establishment Techniques and Sowing Time on Yield and Yield Attributes of Proso Millet (Panicum miliaceum L.).Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 6(5): 1523-1528. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2017.605.166