Follow
International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
IJCMAS is now DOI (CrossRef) registered Research Journal. The DOIs are assigned to all published IJCMAS Articles.
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2017 - IJCMAS--ICV 2017: 100.00 For more details click here
National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS) : NAAS Score: *5.38 (2019) [Effective from January 1, 2019]For more details click here

Login as a Reviewer

Indexed in



National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2019)
[Effective from January 1, 2019]
For more details click here

ICV 2017: 100.00
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2017 - IJCMAS--ICV 2017: 100.00
For more details click here

See Guidelines to Authors
Current Issues

Original Research Articles

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2017: 100.00
NAAS RATING 2018: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2017.6(5): 1042-1050
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2017.605.113


Geochemistry of Ground Water with Special Emphasis on Fluoride and its Seasonal Variations in Parts of Nalgonda District, Telangana State, India
D. Vijaya Lakshmi*, K. Jeevan Rao, T. Ramprakash and A. Pratap Kumar Reddy
Krishi Vigyan Kendra, Rudrur, Nizamabad, Professor Jayashankar Telangana State Agricultural University, Telangana, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

A study was carried out to assess the physico-chemical characteristics of ground water with special emphasis on fluoride in parts of Nalgonda district, Telangana State. The water samples were collected from the tube wells located in 82 selected villages in three mandals during pre and post-monsoon seasons. The ground water samples in the study area interpreted as neutral to slightly alkaline in reaction, non-saline in nature. The mean values of fluoride present in the ground water samples of Ramannapet, Narkatpalli and Aatmakoor mandals were 2.08, 2.88 and 2.45 mg L-1, respectively in pre-monsoon and 1.71, 2.28 and 1.72 mg L-1, respectively in post monsoon season. As per drinking water standards, 83% (68 samples) and 58.5% (48 samples) of the groundwater samples in pre and post monsoon seasons, respectively and have F content greater than that of permissible limit of 1.50 mg L-1. The chloride (Cl-), sulphate (SO4-2) and borate (B) concentrations of all the water samples in both pre and post monsoon seasons were below the permissible limits for irrigation as well as drinking purposes. No water sample tested in the present investigation had more than desirable limits of sodium (Na), calcium (Ca), magnesium (Mg), carbonate (CO3-2), bicarbonate (HCO3-), sodium adsorption ratio (SAR) and residual sodium carbonate (RSC) hence, all the water from the studied sources can be safely used for drinking and irrigation purposes. As per the threshold limits of Cu, Mn, Fe, Zn Cd, Cr, Ni, Pb and Co for drinking and irrigation water recommendations, all the samples analyzed during both the seasons fell within the permissible limits.


Keywords: Ground water, Geochemistry, Fluoride, Seasonal variations, Nalgonda.
Download this article as Download

How to cite this article:

Vijaya Lakshmi, D., K. Jeevan Rao, T. Ramprakash and Pratap Kumar Reddy, A. 2017. Geochemistry of Ground Water with Special Emphasis on Fluoride and its Seasonal Variations in Parts of Nalgonda District, Telangana State, IndiaInt.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 6(5): 1042-1050. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2017.605.113