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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2020)
[Effective from January 1, 2020]
For more details click here

ICV 2018: 95.39
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2018 - IJCMAS--ICV 2018: 95.39
For more details click here

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PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2017.6(5): 954-962
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2017.605.105


Etiological Spectrum and Prevalence of Acute Undifferentiated Febrile Illness (AUFI) in Fever Cases Attending our Tertiary Care Centre
Gowri Veligandla*, Ezhilvanan, E. Padmavathi and M. Bhaskar
Department of Microbiology, Govt. Vellore Medical College, Vellore -11, Tamilnadu, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Fever has become a common presenting complaint in the developing world. The symptoms and differential diagnosis of the most common fevers in the tropics that making an accurate clinical diagnosis was difficult without laboratory confirmation. These fevers also lead to high morbidity and mortality. But the exact burden of each infection varies from region to region. Due to high prevalence of local individual diseases the prioritization of the differential diagnosis of a clinical syndrome of acute undifferentiated febrile illness (AUFI) was needed. So the present observational study was conducted among 116 patients to find the etiology, prevalence of AUFI at our tertiary care centre .On admission, after obtaining a detailed history a thorough clinical examination was done to check for symptoms and signs, then the patient’s blood and serum sample were collected and various diagnostic tests for Malaria, Dengue, Typhoid, Scrub typhus, Leptospirosis, Chikungunya were done. In our study, Typhoid was the leading cause of AUFI 28(24.14%), followed by Dengue 12(10.35%), Malaria 6(5.17%) and Scrub typhus 2(1.72%). However 5(4.31%) cases had Mixed infections. There were almost 63(54.31%) Undiagnosed infections reported. Another fact in our study was that out of the 116 patients evaluated, 39 (33.6%) were children of the age group (0-15) years that again invites concern. Hence the present study highlights the need for active surveillance of AUFI, since majority of cases remain undiagnosed there is a need for further research to create a diagnostic algorithm that will aid in timely management of the patients with AUFI.


Keywords: Undifferentiated Febrile Illness (AUFI), Scrub typhus, Leptospirosis.
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How to cite this article:

Gowri Veligandla, Ezhilvanan, E. Padmavathi, Bhaskar, M. 2017. Etiological Spectrum and Prevalence of Acute Undifferentiated Febrile Illness (AUFI) in Fever Cases Attending our Tertiary Care CentreInt.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 6(5): 954-962. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2017.605.105