International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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Original Research Articles                      Volume : 12, Issue:1, January, 2023

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : /
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2023.12(1): 83-92

Prevalence of Trichomonas gallinae in Domestic Birds in Assam, India
Munmi Saikia, Kanta Bhattacharjee*, P. C. Sarmah and D. K. Deka
Department of Veterinary Parasitology, College of Veterinary Science, Assam Agricultural University, Khanapara, Guwahati-781022, Assam, India
*Corresponding author

The present study was undertaken to ascertain the prevalence of Trichomonas gallinae inhabiting the upper digestive tract of domestic birds which included pigeon (Columba livia domestica), chicken (Gallus gallus domesticus), duck (Anas platyrhynchos domesticus) and quail (Coturnix coturnix japonica) in the state of Assam, India. A total of 1207 throat swab samples from birds (1132 live and 75 carcasses) were examined, out of which 349 birds were found positive with an overall prevalence of 28.91%. Observation on the prevalence of T. gallinae was done by Giemsa staining and culture. In pigeon, the prevalence was recorded as 71.12% and in chicken it was 6.25% while no T. gallinae was observed in duck and quail. In pigeon, prevalence was found in squab as 79.47% which was the highest. Female birds showed a prevalence rate of 75.51% while in male, it was 66.36%. In chicken prevalence rate was 6.73% in females and 6.00% in males. Season wise, highest number of cases (87.12%) in pigeon was recorded in winter and lowest in monsoon (60.58%). In chicken, T. gallinae infection was recorded only in two seasons; post monsoon showed slightly higher prevalence (15.49%) than winter (13.79%).

Keywords: Trichomonas gallinae, prevalence, pigeon, chicken, quail, duck

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How to cite this article:

Munmi Saikia, Kanta Bhattacharjee, P. C. Sarmah and Deka, D. K. 2023. Prevalence of Trichomonas gallinae in Domestic Birds in Assam, India.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 12(1): 83-92. doi:
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