International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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Original Research Articles                      Volume : 11, Issue:12, December, 2022

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : /
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2022.11(12): 103-110

Detection of Aflatoxigenic Aspergillus flavus Isolates in Raw Materials of Some Indian Medicinal Plants
Ashok Kumar1* and Sanyogita Kumari2
1Department of Botany, Deen Dayal Upadhyay Gorakhpur University, Gorakhpur-273009, India
2Raghunath Girl’s Post Graduate College, Meerut-250001, India
*Corresponding author

Raw materials of six medicinal plant species viz. Terminalia arjuna (Roxb. ex DC), Acorus calamus (L.), Rauvolfia serpentina (L.), Holarrhena antidysenterica (Roth.), Withania somnifera (L.) and Boerhaavia diffusa (L.) procured from herbal drug market were subjected to their mould profile. During mycoflora analysis, 906 fungal isolates were recorded from the raw materials. The least number of fungal isolates (96) were detected from T. arjuna while highest (217) from B. diffusa. The genus Aspergillus was found to be most dominant encountered in all the samples, followed by Cladosporium herbarum, Penicillium italicum and Trichoderma viride. The highest percent relative density was recorded in case of Aspergillus flavus (37.19) followed by A. niger (23.84) and C. herbarum (11.81) while the lowest was found in case of A. nidulans (0.55). Some of the A. flavus isolates were toxigenic secreting aflatoxin B1. Highest content of aflatoxin B1 (272.46 µg/kg) was recorded by A. flavus isolated from B. diffusa while least aflatoxin B1 production (194.62 µg/kg) from H. antidysenterica. The survey reveals that the contamination of herbal drugs with storage fungi and mycotoxin is alarming and appropriate quality control measures should be taken urgently.

Keywords: Aflatoxin B1, Aspergillus flavus, Medicinal plants, Mycoflora, Raw materials

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How to cite this article:

Ashok Kumar and Sanyogita Kumari. 2022. Detection of Aflatoxigenic Aspergillus flavus Isolates in Raw Materials of Some Indian Medicinal Plants.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 11(12): 103-110. doi:
Copyright: This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike license.