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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
IJCMAS is now DOI (CrossRef) registered Research Journal. The DOIs are assigned to all published IJCMAS Articles.
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2020)
[Effective from January 1, 2020]
For more details click here

ICV 2019: 96.39
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2019 - IJCMAS--ICV 2019: 96.39
For more details click here

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Original Research Articles

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2022.11(4): 186-194
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2022.1104.026


Determination of PAHs by GC-Mass in Sediment Mudflat in Iraq
Z. J. Musa1, M. S. Salah1 and Hassan Abdul Zahra Alshawi2
1Department of Chemistry and Marine Pollution, University of Basrah, Basrah, Iraq
2South Oil Company, Basrah, Iraq
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

The mudflat area in the southern Iraq is untapped and there are few studies about it, this study attempts to determine the concentration of aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in the region, addition to determine their sources and assess the quality of pollution by PPI. Total (PAHs) ranged between (89.8-21.9) µg/g dw with mean value (44.62) µg/g dw, among 16 (PAHs) there are 10 of these compounds are dominant in all station as fallow: Benzo(B) the concentration ranged between (14.46-4.743) µg/g dw, Benzo [G,H,I] was (12.5-ND), Benzo[A]Pyrene(7.88-ND),Chrysene (7.85-ND), Fluoranthen (7.31-1.15) µg/g dw, Benzo[A]anthrac (6.14-ND)µg/g dw, Fluorene (2.38-ND) µg/g dw, Indeno(1,2,3 Ca (6.28-1.98) µg/g dw, Pyrene (1.23-ND) µg/g respectively, according to PPI index (PAHs) was between (89.8-21.98)µg/g dw, very high polluted area by (PAHs). The ratio of Ant/(Ant+Phe) show the contamination from Petrogenic origin in station (1) about (1.00-.275), while the ratio BaA/ (BaA + Chry) recorded the pyrogenic origin in station (1,2,4), A ratio of Fla/ (Fla + - Pyr) shows the station (1, 4) petroleum origin on the other hand the station (2,3) derived from coal combustion, finally grain size shows the environmental position of the area and the deposition conditions. In the current study, clay particles are prevalent, ranging from% (15-30) to about% (43- 2). Because of the weak alkalinity impact of marine water, TOC recorded a level of % (1.27) near the river station and the lowest value was (6.76) % at the second station. Sewage remains the chief source of TOC in environment.


Keywords: Pharmaceutical, agricultural, thermal and chemical industries
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How to cite this article:

Musa, Z. J., M. S. Salah and Hassan Abdul Zahra Alshawi. 2022. Determination of PAHs by GC-Mass in Sediment Mudflat in Iraq.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 11(4): 186-194. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2022.1104.026