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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2020)
[Effective from January 1, 2020]
For more details click here

ICV 2019: 96.39
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2019 - IJCMAS--ICV 2019: 96.39
For more details click here

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Original Research Articles

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2022.11(1): 274-285
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2022.1101.033


Population Dynamics of Phytoparasitic Nematodes in Pineapple (Ananas comosus cv MD-2)
Daniel Herrera1, Pablo Orozco1, Adolfo Rojas1, Oscar Cortes2, Juan Delgado2 and Mario Araya3*
1Fyffes-Costa Rica,
2Life-Rid-Costa Rica,
3AMVAC Chemical Corporation
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

In a long-term commercial pineapple farm (Ananas comosus cv MD-2) with more than 10 planting cycles, the root content and nematode population dynamics was determined on the crop. In the plant crop, 10 terraces with 16 beds were selected, each with plants of 2, 4, 6, 8 and 13 (at fruit harvest) months after planting for root sampling on both Inceptisol and Ultisol soils. In areas of first ratoon crop, 10 terraces also with 16 beds with 4 and 8 months after selection of the sucker and 10 terraces at fruit harvest, were sampled on both Inceptisol, and Ultisol soils. In each terrace, a composited root sample was taken from roots of 5 plants distributed diagonally along the terrace in beds:4, 6, 8, 10 and 12 (one plant per sampled bed). Plants were extracted in each of the 10 terraces and each growing age with a shovel, all the roots were cut off and collected, placed in identified plastic bags, and sent in coolers to the CORBANA nematology laboratory for nematode extraction. The results revealed an increase in root weight up to 180 (Inceptisol) and 120 (Ultisol) days after planting. Then there was a slight decrease that was aggravated at fruit harvest of the plant crop, which was extended until the first ratoon, with differences (P< 0.0001) between crop ages in both soils. The nematode frequency was 78% in the Inceptisol, and 96% in the Ultisol soil. In both soils, the predominant nematode was Pratylenchus spp. with more than 91% of the total nematode population, and the rest was Helicotylenchus. An increase in the population of Helicotylenchus spp. (P< 0.0001), Pratylenchus spp. (P< 0.0001) and total nematodes (P< 0.0001) was observed with the age of the crop until 8 months of sowing, in both soils. According to the nematode thresholds established for the crop, the populations found deserve control to prevent losses in production.


Keywords: Helicotylenchus spp., nematodes, pineapples, population dynamics
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How to cite this article:

Daniel Herrera, Pablo Orozco, Adolfo Rojas, Oscar Cortes, Juan Delgado and Mario Araya. 2022. Population Dynamics of Phytoparasitic Nematodes in Pineapple (Ananas comosus cv MD-2).Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 11(1): 274-285. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2022.1101.033