Follow
International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
IJCMAS is now DOI (CrossRef) registered Research Journal. The DOIs are assigned to all published IJCMAS Articles.
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2019 - IJCMAS--ICV 2019: 96.39 For more details click here
National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS) : NAAS Score: *5.38 (2020) [Effective from January 1, 2020]For more details click here

Login as a Reviewer

Indexed in



National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2020)
[Effective from January 1, 2020]
For more details click here

ICV 2019: 96.39
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2019 - IJCMAS--ICV 2019: 96.39
For more details click here

See Guidelines to Authors
Current Issues
Download Publication Certificate

Original Research Articles

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2021.10(10): 307-313
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2021.1010.038


Oyster Mushroom Cultivation with Reference to Climate
K. Chitra1*, K. Dhanalakshmi2, N. Indra3 and V. Ambethgar1
1Tamil Nadu Rice Research Institute, Aduthurai,
2KVK, Vamban, Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Coimbatore, India
3ARS, Yethapur, Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Coimbatore, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Cultivation of species oyster mushroom (Pleurotus ostreatus) was initiated on experimental basis in Germany by Flack during the year 1917 on tree stumps and wood logs. Growing technology was perfected in USA. The major states in India producing oyster mushroom are Orissa, Karnataka, Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, West Bengal and most of the North Eastern hill states. Mushroom is rich in Vitamin C and B complex and the protein content ranges from 1.6 to 2.5 per cent. The niacin content is about ten times higher than any other vegetables. The folic acid present in oyster mushroom helps to cure anemia. It is suitable for people with hyper-tension, obesity and diabetes due to its low sodium: potassium ratio, starch, fat and calorific value, alkaline ash and high fiber content make them suitable for consumption for those having hyperacidity and constipation. Oyster mushroom (Pleurotus spp.) is fungal fruiting body. A study was undertaken for identifying the best oyster mushroom variety which is suitable to Tiruchirapalli climate. Three oyster mushroom varieties were taken for the study viz., MDU-1, APK-1, CO-2. The isolation was made from mushroom mycelium. These isolates were cultured under PDA medium. Among the isolates CO-2 and MDU-1 produced good growth of mycelium with a prescribed time limit. The paddy straw and paddy seeds were used for mushroom and spawn production. However, the result showed maximum yield MDU-1(3270 g) when compared to CO - 2 (2780 g) and APK-1 (2280g). Oyster mushroom can be growing at moderate temperature ranging from 20 to 300 C and humidity 55-80% for a period of 6 to 8 months in a year. This MDU - 1 was found to perform well with maximum yield in Tiruchirapalli conditions.


Keywords: Mushrooms, chlorophyll, protein, malnutrition, lignocellulose
Download this article as Download

How to cite this article:

Chitra, K., K. Dhanalakshmi, N. Indra and Ambethgar, V. 2021. Oyster Mushroom Cultivation with Reference to Climate.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 10(10): 307-313. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2021.1010.038