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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2020)
[Effective from January 1, 2020]
For more details click here

ICV 2019: 96.39
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2019 - IJCMAS--ICV 2019: 96.39
For more details click here

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PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2021.10(6): 575-586
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2021.1006.063


Determination of Races and Biovars of Ralstonia solanacearum causing Bacterial Wilt of Brinjal in Chhattisgarh, India
R. Bhanwar1*, P. K. Tiwari2, R. K. Dantre2, R. R. Saxena2,Tiwari2 and A. Kotasthane2
1S.G.College of Agriculture and Research Station, IGKV, Jagdalpur-494005,Bastar, Chhattisgarh, India
2 College of Agriculture, IGKV, Raipur, Chhattisgarh, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Bacterial wilt of brinjal caused by Ralstonia solanacearum is endemic in most brinjal growing areas of Chhattisgarh state causing 40 to 80% loss in yield. Control measure requires definite information on race and biovar characteristics of the pathogen in those endemic areas. Five Ralstonia solanacearum isolates (Rs 3, Rs 7, Rs 8, Rs 11 and Rs 12,) of brinjal host were tested on different host plants which are host pathogenic. Under pathogenicity tests of all five Rs isolates on different host ranges, the brinjal, tomato, chili, potato, geranium, cucurbits and cucumber plants were infected and showed wilted symptoms except Rs 11 in geranium. While ginger, banana, rose, soybean and sweet potato plants were not infected with any Rs isolates and remained healthy. According to the described in EPPO, 2004, the pattern of the infection caused by different Rs isolates on different host range were studied and found that the dominant Rs isolates in Chhattisgarh state was grouped under Race 1 (caused wide variety: Ginger, olive, chili pepper, peanut, Solanum spp., tobacco, Musa spp. (banana and plantain), peanut, Heliconia tomato and distributed in Asia, Africa, Australia, north and south America) followed by Race 3 and Race 2 with 53.84%, 38.46% and 7.69%, respectively. Therefore, dominant groups of Rs isolates causing bacterial wilt of brinjal belonged to race 1 and biovar III.


Keywords: Ralstonia solanacearum, race, biovar, bacterial wilt of brinjal
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How to cite this article:

Bhanwar, R. R., P. K. Tiwari, R. K. Dantre, R. R. Saxena, A. Tiwari and Kotasthane, A. 2021. Determination of Races and Biovars of Ralstonia solanacearum causing Bacterial Wilt of Brinjal in Chhattisgarh, India.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 10(6): 575-586. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2021.1006.063