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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2020)
[Effective from January 1, 2020]
For more details click here

ICV 2019: 96.39
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2019 - IJCMAS--ICV 2019: 96.39
For more details click here

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Original Research Articles

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2021.10(6): 497-502
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2021.1006.053


Prevalence and Antibiogram of Extended Spectrum Beta Lactamases producing Enterobacteriaceae from Urine in Tirunelveli Medical College Hospital
V. P. Sarasu1 and K. Girija2*
1Department of Microbiology, Govt. Medical College, Pudukkottai, India 2Department of Microbiology, Govt. Thiruvarur Medical College, Thiruvarur, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

In the recent years, there has been an increased incidence and prevalence of extended spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL) producing organisms all over the world and also in various parts of India. ESBL producers pose unique challenges to clinical microbiologist as well as clinicians. As multi drug resistance is rampant, the current study was undertaken to know the prevalence of ESBL producing Enterobacteriaceae in our tertiary health care centre. This study was carried out on 120 urine specimen collected from catheterized patients, aged between 20-70 yrs. The screening for ESBL production was done by the disc diffusion test as recommended by the Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute(CLSI) and confirmed by the phenotypic disc confirmatory test (PDCT) and ESBL Hi Crome agar(Hi media-Mumbai). 28 specimen were culture positive among 120 samples. Escherichia coli (41.17%) was the most common isolate, followed by Klebsiella pneumoniae (35.29%). ESBL production was observed in 15(88.2%) isolates. The isolates of Escherichia coli (40%) were the most common ESBL producers, followed by Klebsiella pneumoniae (33.33%) and others. All isolates were sensitive to imipenem. There is a high prevalence of ESBL production in our hospital. Specific tests to detect ESBL production should be done routinely and an empirical therapy policy should be applied to the high risk units, based on the prevalence of the ESBL producing Enterobacteriaceae.


Keywords: ESBL, ESBL Hi Crome agar, Enterobacteriaceae, susceptibility
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How to cite this article:

Sarasu, V. P.  and Girija, K. 2021. Prevalence and Antibiogram of Extended Spectrum Beta Lactamases producing Enterobacteriaceae from Urine in Tirunelveli Medical College Hospital.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 10(6): 497-502. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2021.1006.053